Five States' Voter Driven Initiatives/Laws Relating To Englis

1099 words - 5 pages

Before I can start to write about Equal Opportunity and Education I must first define Equal Opportunity. Equal Opportunity is a right supposedly guaranteed by both federal and many state laws against any discrimination in employment, education, housing or credit rights due to a person’s race, color, sex (or sometimes sexual orientation), religion, national origin, age or handicap.
The United States has had a long and rough road to equal opportunity in education. During the colonial era, only boys from wealthy families were given the opportunity for a formal education, while girls from wealthy families were educated by governess. Wealthy planters home schooled their boys. During this ...view middle of the document...

Native American children were educated on the reservations, mostly because of the missionaries who viewed assimilation as the goal of their education.
Around the turn of the century, beginning in the late 1800’s, changes began to occur. The public school system began, with the purpose of being able to offer a free education to all children. By 1918, all elementary school age children were required to be educated. The personal view of society at the time towards minorities and immigrants involved a goal of adaptation as Americans, and the schools were the foundations of that goal. Throughout the early years, the education system developed, and teachers and school boards, most of which were elected locally, appointed in discourse regarding the creation of education standards for teachers and for the students. It is strange that this model still exists today – the standards may be different, but the model is still the same. After 1883, when the Supreme Court struck down the Civil Rights Act of 1875, states began to initiate segregation laws for all public places, including schools. Segregation practices continued in schools until 1954, when the Supreme Court ruled in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas that segregation is illegal. “On May 17, 1954, Chief Justice Earl Warren announced the court’s unanimous decision: “It is doubtful that any child may reasonable be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such as opportunity… it is a right which must be available to all on equal terms. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal (Chesapeake College, 2008).”
In 1972, Title IX of the Educational Achievements Act was passed. This Act “led to equal opportunities for males and females in sports and other areas of education (Russo, 2008).” Schools were no longer able to discriminate on the basis of gender or sexual orientation as a result of this law, paving the way for women and homosexuals in the educational environment to fully participate in all activities as well as education. Another group that had previously been discriminated against was disabled persons, were given equal access to an education under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which also is known as the Education for all Handicapped Children Act, and now is the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (Russo, 2008) The Americans with Disabilities Acts of 1990 further strengthened...

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