â€œFirst World/ Third World cityâ€ dichotomy.
The First World/ Third World city phenomenon can be paralleled to a city that is located in developed and modern countries, but have the condition or environment that can be associated with the general overview of Third World countries environment. In many parts of United States (U.S) itself, there are many major cities that are considered as slums and filled with the problems that most Third World city usually has. In addition, the Third World city in the US also associated with the growing number of immigrantsâ€™ city based such as Chinatowns or Little Saigon. This large number of immigrantsâ€™ population, drive people to view some cities ...view middle of the document...
Some of the goals are:
â€œto contribute to the co-ordination of resources and development in the interest of overall efficiency of land use... to create a good environment, for example in terms of landscape, layout or aesthetics of buildings, that would not result from market processâ€¦to ensure that the views of all groups are included in the decision-making processes regarding land and developmentâ€¦to influence locational decisions regarding land use and development in order to contribute to the redistribution of wealth in societyâ€. (Pacione, p.158)
From these goals we can see that the city planners aim to create good, livable and conducive city to live but, ironically some cities turned out to be opposite of the aims or slums. How and why do those cities to turn out to be like that?
These slums area have existed for a long time backed to the industrial revolution â€˜boomâ€™ era. As Pacione stated in his book, these new profit driven concept had developed lots of rich and successful town. This had led encourage lots of migration from the rural to the town in search of better living. During this industrial revolution period which started from mid-eighteenth century, cities in Britain received influx of migrants and for example â€œthe population of Birmingham increased by 273 percent between 1801 and 1851 from 71,000 to 265,000, Manchester grew from 75000 in 1801 to 338,000 in 1851 (a growth of 351 percent), and Glasgow from 84,000 to 350,000 over the same period (an increase of 317 percent)â€. (Pacione, p.48) This had created two major classes among the city populations which are; capitalists or the land/business owner and also the labor that were used to work for the capital. Nowadays in the United States too, the same phenomenon during the industrial revolution boom also occurred. Massive of migrants and immigrants from other countries and migrants came to the American cities. This excessive influx of population had created the Third World city â€œscentâ€. So there is no surprise that Miami, which is situated at the borders of the U.S and Latin America countries sometimes, is considered as the Third World cities due to their multi ethnics.
So we can see that one of the reasons, cities are divided into this â€˜First World/Third Worldâ€™ dichotomy is due to the polarization of income. Many residents of these â€œslumâ€ areas are generally people of the lower class whereas the suburbs area a generally occupied by the middle or upper class citizen. These lower class workers are needed to work in the industrial sector and the lower wages works. Since most of this low class population received a lower wages, this had influence in creation of low cost housing area and usually with various problems such as â€œinadequate public sanitation and water suppliesâ€. Nevertheless although these slums area maybe seen as a â€œblack sheepâ€ in a city the existence of it is inevitable and somehow important to the city. This is due the division of...