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First Empires Essay

865 words - 4 pages

mFirst Empires, ch 4-6
*General
-signs
1. Large geographic area
2. Standing army
3. Several groups, multi-cultural
4. Economy shows progress
5. Stable government
6. State religion
7. Political centralization
8. Normally monarchy/imperium
9. Social classes
10. Infrastructure – develop means of communication and transportation
11. National financial plans
12. Technology advances
*Particular
Greece, Rome, India, and China
Greece: the polis
* “classical period” – about 700 – 338 BCE
* 1800 BCE = Minoans & Mycenaeans
* Invasion: 1200 – 700 Dark Ages
* Athens and Sparta
* Polis/poleis
* “citizenship” ...view middle of the document...

Trade/luxuries
2. Freedom values/democracy
3. State honors dead
a. payed for funeral, education, etc of children
4. family ties important
5. welcome outsiders
6. glorifying their city/patriotic
7. military strength/intellegents
8. way fo life causes military
9. poverty recognize/need to fix
10. within Athens we get along pretty well
11. extra time/leisure time
12. wealth to be used
* Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE)
*
* Delphi – temple of Apollo – sanuary of the gods
* Oracale of Delphi
* Pilgrams offered whatever they could afford
* Drama originalted from religious ceremonies
Cultural Lagacy
* Religion with rationalization (?)
* Polytheistic, pantheon, Mt. Olympus
* (Bart Ehrman) not about theology, creed, or ethics, but “gods do what human beings can’t”
Ex) Demeter and the seasons
* But, re: human reason, “its enthusiasom for puzzling out the world without much reference to the gods”
Ex) (142) Socrates (469-399 BCE)
* Notes from film
* Society (patriarchy, slavery, “homosexuality)
* Emphasis on education, Ex) Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
* Pedaroasty
* Kalos K’ Agothos – Handsome, smart, and good. Physically fit and well groomed

Rome
General Characteristics:
* Good geography
* Terrace farming – olives, grapes
* Tiber river
* Magna Graecia
* Etruscans
* Celts
* Mix of peoples
* Strong government, from Republic to Empire
* Senate
* Augustus Caesar (r. @BCE-14CE)
* Concern for Law
* Twelve Tables vs Law of Nations
* Twelve Tables
1. Infanticide – (Spartan) Physical fitness - strength
2. Public decour
3. Property/inheritance – auscapio
4. Patricians/pleblians
5. Consider more why/ circumstances
6. Serious debt concern
7. Idea fo justice very seriously
8. Trade agreements are binding
9. Generally civil issues
10. Treasenons – bribery serious
11. Romans probably received more conciderate
12. Composition
* Promotion of War (but: no overall design? Mare mostrum, need for resources, freedom)
Roman Society
* Patricains and Plebians to Weath/Status
* Paterfamilias, family council
* Manus and...

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