The Jewish States of America
Heritage: Civilization and the Jews
Heritage: Civilization and the Jews
I. Intro: Have you ever found yourself wondering how, or why the Jewish people ended up in the US?
A. Topic: Jewish Migration in 19th and 20th Centuries to the US
Title: The Jewish States of America
Thesis: Even though the Jews tried to escape harsh conditions in Europe through
emigration, they were met with the same level of opposition in the US.
A. Reasons in Europe for Immigration
1. Where in Europe did majority come from
B. New opportunities in the US
C. Difficulties ...view middle of the document...
Even though the Jews tried to escape harsh conditions in Europe through emigration, they were met with the same level of opposition in the U.S.
The United States hasn’t always had an outstanding population of the Jewish people. The large numbers of Jew’s flocking to the United States started from the massive immigration that ensued in the first half of the 19th century. Using the same ideology as many other immigrants, the Jewish saw America as the land of opportunity and a great place emigrate too. They were looking for an escape from there lives in Central Europe- Where the majority of Jews came from in the early 19th Century- and pushed onward to America to find new opportunity. Within the Library of Congress archives, there is an article that explains the reasons why the Jews left their original home. “Impelled by economic hardship, persecution, and the great social and political upheavals of the nineteenth century--industrialization, overpopulation, and urbanization--millions of Europe's Jews left their towns and villages…”. With this surge of inconvenience to the Jews at home, many could not find work due to the fact that they were mostly skilled craftsmen.
The Jewish people have a large history of being pushed around and have always found a way to return and prosper. America’s Jewish population spiked from three thousand in 1820 to three hundred thousand total Jew’s in 1880. Finding themselves settling both in big cities- New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, etc…- and small towns all over the US. Towards the end of the 19th century to the early to middle 20th century, the population of Jew’s in America sharply rose. The Jews inhabiting Russia had pressure being exerted on them from the infamous Kishinev pogrom- anti-Jewish riot in Kishinev- the idea of moving to America was set in stone. In 1924 the population of Jew’s in America shot upward to around 2 million. After this, Jewish immigrants realized what was going on and more and more started to flow to the ports of the United States.
What helped kick-start the Jewish immigration to America in the 19th and 20th century was the amount of work available for new immigrants. Unlike a large portion of immigrants who came from Europe, the Jews were a population that largely consisted of artisans and skilled laborers. With this prior ability in these fields, the Jews found themselves quickly thrown into the ongoing American Labor Movement in the late 19th century. The fields that harbored the majority of the Jewish immigrants were print, garment production, and kosher butchering. Jewish women- at a time where women’s rights were at an all time low- even found themselves thriving within their new home. Whether it be in a sweatshop or a factory, Jewish women who immigrated over used prior knowledge of sewing to help bring home a small portion of the family income. This shows how hard the times were because women normally didn’t have to contribute to the family with work.