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Allied American University
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Directions: Using word processing software to save and submit your work, please answer the following short answer questions. All responses to questions should be one to two paragraphs, composed of five to seven sentences, in length. Your responses should include examples from the reading assignments.
1. How did the advent of home video technologies change the American film industry? In what ways did the studios—who in 1976 ...view middle of the document...
4. What factors enabled independent films to proliferate from the 1980s to the 2000s? Identify the various support systems that emerged to support independent production, and identify and describe the four major trends of independent filmmaking.
By the late 1980s, there were be- tween 200 and 250 independent releases per year, many more films than the studios were putting out. One type of support system that emerged was new labor policies. In the early 1980s, a new con- tract arrangement permitted union technicians to work on independent productions without losing their union membership. The Screen Actors Guild wrote special agreements to allow performers to work for lower pay scales on small-budget and nontheatrical projects. There also emerged new venues for independent work, such as the Independent Feature Film Market, an annual round of screenings for press and distributors. IFC also sponsored awards and eventually launched its own cable channel. The diversity of independent work makes it hard to categorize, but four main trends can be identified from the 1980s through the 2000s: arty indies, off-Hollywood films, retro-Hollywood independents, and DIY (do-it- yourself) indies. Arty Indies are not fast paced films, its tempo is slow, and every scene is a single shot. A few movies that would be considered to be an Arty Indies would be “Simple Men” (1992), and “I’m Not There”(2007). An important fact about Off-Hollywood Indies is the focus on directors. The films were often promoted by a new auteurism and...