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Fiction Essay

1465 words - 6 pages

Fiction Essay
ENGL 102 Literature and Composition
Fall D 2014
Summer Martin L25637775
APA Formatting


Use of Symbols by Authors to Help Readers Understand the Theme of Short Stories
Summer Martin
Liberty University Online

Use of Symbols by Authors to Help Readers Understand the Theme of Short Stories
Thesis: The two short stories, “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson and “The Rocking Horse Winner” by D. H. Lawrence both use symbols to help the reader understand the theme of the story; however the themes of both stories were completely different, one about love the other the lack of love.
I. In “The Lottery” and “The ...view middle of the document...

“The voices in the house went mad”
iii. This scared Paul and made him want to get more money. He could no longer hear from the rocking horse. This made him ride it faster and longer. In the end Paul died trying to quiet the whispers in the house.
II. While both authors used symbolism to convey the message of their stories the themes of the stories could not have been more different.
a. In “The Lottery” the theme of the story is the lack of love shown by the villagers
i. The villagers follow custom with no questions asked
ii. The villagers are not willing to give up the customs
iii. They are teaching lack of compassion to the next generation
b. The theme in “The Rocking Horse Winner” is love.
i. Paul loves his mom so much he is desperate to prove himself lucky and perhaps this would make her love him. Paul was angered by his mother not believing that he was lucky and set out to prove her wrong.
ii. Paul risks himself to give her what she needed, money. He sacrificed his own life for his mother. Paul gave his mother all of his earnings because he thought he could always get more. He then stopped having all the answers and lost money. He rode his horse nonstop until his ultimate death.

When people hear the word “lottery”, their minds usually turn to positive things and most likely the chance of winning something such as money. The title “Rocking Horse Winner” would make readers think that this story would be about a child winning a rocking horse. From the simple titles alone, most readers would think that these stories would have a positive outcome. They both draw you completely in and turn out to have a much different ending than you would imagine. The two short stories, “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson and “The Rocking Horse Winner” by D. H. Lawrence both use symbols to help the reader understand the theme of the story; however, the themes of both stories were completely different, one about love and the other about the lack of love.
In “The Lottery” and “The Rocking Horse Winner,” both authors use symbols to help convey the central message of the story to their readers. In “The Lottery,” Jackson uses the black box to symbolize the villagers’ connection to the tradition of the lottery. The black box was not the original box that was used for the lottery and was old and worn down. “The box grew shabbier each year” (par. 5) but the villagers showed no interest in replacing or fixing it. Many of the old traditions of the lottery had been abandoned, but for whatever reason the lottery was still held each summer without questions from the villagers. Even though “the original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago” (par. 5) and many of the customs had been abandoned or changed to suit the needs of the growing town, the villagers were unwilling to change or even question giving up the lottery itself. The black box had no significance the rest of the year in the town. It could be found...

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