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Fibers Fabrics And Textiles Essay

1264 words - 6 pages

Textile
This article is about the type of fabric. Textile is also a jargon term used by naturists or nudists to describe a person who wears clothes, and also the property that nudity is not allowed, e.g. in "textilebeach", "textile campsite", etc.
A textile is any kind of woven, knitted, knotted (as in macrame) or tufted cloth, or a non-wovenfibers that have been bonded into a fabric, e.g. felt). fabric (a cloth made of
Textile also refers to the yarns, threads and wools that can be spun, woven, tufted, tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth. The production of textiles is an ancient art, whose speed and scale of production has been altered almost beyond recognition by ...view middle of the document...

• Glass fibres can be used in the manufacture of textiles for insulation and other purposes.
• Metal fibre , metal wire and metal foil have some uses in textiles, either on their own or with other materials (see, for example, goldwork embroidery).
Man-made
• Acrylic fiber
• Lurex
• Spandex, tactel, lycra and other 'stretch' fabrics
• Nylon fiber
• Polyester fiber
• Polypropylene (comes under various common trade names such as Olefin or Herculon)
Production methods
• Braiding/Plaiting
• Crochet – usually by hand.
• Embroidery – threads which are added to the surface of a finished textile.
• Felt – fibres are matted together to produce a cloth.
• Knitting – by hand or on knitting machines .
• Knotting, including macrame: used in making nets.
• Lace – again both hand made and machine made.
• Pile fabrics – carpets and some rugs
• Velvet, velveteen , plush fabrics and similar have a secondary set of yarns which provide a pile.
• Weaving – the cloth is prepared on a loom, of which there are a number of types. Some weaving is still done by hand, but the vast majority is mechanised.
Processes
• Carding
• Bleaching – where the natural or original colour of the textile is removed with bleach.
• Dyeing – adding colour to textiles: there is a vast range of dyes, natural and synthetic, some of which require mordants.
• Waterproofing and other finishings.
• Starching
Uses
Textiles have been used in almost every possible context where their properties are useful. In cleaning
• Bags and other means of carrying objects
• Balloons, kites, sails, parachutes and other transport use. Earlyairplanes used cloth as part of the construction.
• Clothing
• Flags
• Furnishings, including towels and table cloths
• Geotextiles
• Industrial and scientific uses, including filtering
• Nets
• Rugs and carpets
• Tents
• Towels

Fiber
(Redirected from Fibers)
For other meanings of fiber please see Fiber (disambiguation).
Fiber (American English) or fibre (British English) consists of elongated stringy natural , man-made or manufactured material. In the case of natural fibers, they often tie together the parts of natural creatures.
• Natural vegetable fibers generally comprise cellulose: examples include cotton, linen, and hemp. Cellulose fibers serve in the manufacture of paper and cloth. Natural animal fibers includespider silk, sinew, hair, and wool. Naturally occurring mineral fibers include asbestos.
• Man-made fibers include those made artificially, but from from natural raw materials (often cellulosic). Examples includefiberglass, rayon, acetate, cupro , and the more recently developed Lyocell.
• Synthetic fibers are a subset of man-made fibers, which are based on synthetic chemicals rather than arising from natural chemicals by a purely physical process. Such fibers are quite often made from nylon, polyester, or acrylic polymers, although pure polyacrylonitrile fibers are mostly used to make carbon fiber. More exotic fibers...

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