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Female Education Essay

4949 words - 20 pages

GIRL-CHILD EDUCATION IN AFRICA

BY

PROFESSOR GRACE CHIBIKO OFFORMA DEAN, FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA KEYNOTE ADDRESS PRESENTED AT THE CONFERENCE OF THE FEDERATION OF THE UNIVERSITY WOMWNE OF AFRICA HELD IN LAGOS-NIGERIA ON 16TH – 19TH JULY, 2009.

Introduction In this presentation, we will first of all try to explain the key concepts in the title, namely, girl-child and education. Then we will present and discuss the issues/factors in the girlchild education, citing examples from some African countries. Such issues include: access, equity, enrollment, retention/drop-out, and achievement in school subjects. Solutions of the constraints raised will be proffered. This ...view middle of the document...

She is very dependent on the significant others, those on whom she models her behaviour, through observation, repetition and imitation. Her physical, mental, social, spiritual and emotional developments start and progress to get to the peak at the young adult stage. Concept of Education Education is the process of providing information to an inexperienced person to help him/her develop physically, mentally, socially, emotionally, spiritually, politically and economically. That is why at graduation ceremonies one hears the Vice-Chancellors pronounce these words while awarding degrees to their institutions’ graduates, “you have been found worthy in character and learning…” In education parlance, it means that the individual has acquired adequate and appropriate knowledge, skills and attitudes and values, known as cognitive, psychomotor and affective behaviours to be able to function optimally as a citizen. These behaviours are the focus of training individuals in institutions of learning. The planned and systematic training given in an institution of learning is formal education. The programme or is organized, planned and systematically implemented. In an informal education, there is no plan and the training is haphazard and incidental.

Education is the process through which individuals are made functional members of their society (Ocho, 2005). It is a process through which the young acquires knowledge and realizes her potentialities and uses them for self-actualization, to be useful to herself and others. It is a means of preserving, transmitting and improving the culture of the society. In every society education connotes acquisition of something good, something worthwhile. Education is one of the fundamental rights of individuals. Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December, 1949 stipulated that:  Everyone has the right to education. This shall be free at least in the elementary and primary stages.  Elementary education shall be compulsory while technical and professional education shall be made generally available.  Higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.  Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children (Nwangwu, 1976). Why should every one have the right to education? The answers to this question are given thus: 1. The child is born helpless and has to rely entirely on parents and other older members of the society to survive and satisfy her growth needs in all their ramifications. 2. The degree and quality of participation in the life of the society depends to a large extent on the degree and quality of her education. This will enable her perform her political and other citizenship duties and exercise the rights pertaining thereto effectively. 3. Since every citizen benefits from the result of the education of her fellow citizen and since every generation receives its...

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