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Fathers Of Psychology Essay

576 words - 3 pages

Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1930)

Known as the “Founder of modern psychology” and the first laboratory in the world that as dedicated to experimental psychology

Edward Titchener (1867-1927)

His ideas were heavily influenced by Wundt’s theory of voluntarisms and his ideas (the passive and active combinations of element of elements of consciousness respectively) he attempted to classify the structures of the mind in a way a chemist breaks down chemicals into the component parts.

William James (1842-1910)

Psychologist and philosopher, and was recognized for writing the principles of psychology, which is considered to be a monumental work in history of psychology. Known for the James-Lange Theory, according to James and emotion is simply the minds interpretation of certain physiological processes that occur as a response to certain stimuli.

Functionalism

Functionalism was the ...view middle of the document...

He also introduced many conditioning terms, including Conditioned Response, Unconditioned Response, Conditioned Stimulus, and Unconditioned Stimulus.

John Watson (1878 – 1958)

He is mostly known for being the father of behaviorism, using observable data such as people’s behaviors and reactions to certain things. One of his most famous experiments was with the little Albert experiment which basically taught to fear a white rat.

B.F. Skinner (1904 -1990)

He is best known for developing the theory of Operation Conditioning, which uses reinforcers or consequences to change behavior. The theory basically saying that a certain behavior occurs not because of the actually act but by the consequence that follows the act.

Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)

He is known as the Father of Humanistic Psychology, a school of thought that focused on the potential of the individual and his need for growth and self actualization. His work was a turning point in the world of psychology, before people only study the mental illness but he study the metal health and humans need for certain things in life.

Carl Rodgers (1902-1987)

He was one of the most influential psychologists of modern times, and is well known for the creation of Client-Centered Therapy, also known as Person-Centered Therapy or Rogerian Psychotherapy. This theory that he has comes up with is not having a client, therapist relationship where the therapist is trying to cure the patient but be able to build a relationship with the patient so that they can grow as a person.

Jean Piaget

Most likely the most prominent developmental theorist in his time, he believed that children had stages in their life where they were able to develop cognitively. Where they were able to think logically and be able to understand principles and conversation.

Kenneth and Maime Clark

They were an African American married couple that were psychologist that were researching among children

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