Fat- and Water-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamins are the organic compounds required by the plants and animals body to grow.
The name 'vitamin' came from "vital amines".
Classification of Vitamins:
There are 13 vitamins which our body requires and these are:
• Vitamin A
• Vitamin C
• Vitamin D
• Vitamin E
• Vitamin K
• Vitamin B: It further includes:
4. Pantothenic acid
6. Vitamin B-6
7. Vitamin B-12
A vitamin is a component of the balanced diet which our body cannot manufacture on
It’s own and we have to consume it directly through food, pills or through tonics. ...view middle of the document...
• Acts as Antioxidant and helps in the prevention of cancer.
• It provides Tooth Development.
The deficiency of Vitamin A can cause:
• Night blindness
• Intestinal infections
• Impaired vision.
• Inflammation of eyes
Overconsumption of Vitamin A can cause nausea, irritability, blurred vision, growth retardation,
enlargement of liver and spleen, loss of hair.
VITAMIN D: Is also a Fat Soluble Vitamin.
Sunlight is the main source of Vitamin D. Various other sources are fortified dairy products,
fortified margarine, fish oils, egg yolk and supplements.
The Function of Vitamin D includes:
• It Promotes hardening of bones and teeth
• It Increases the amount of calcium absorbed from the small intestine
The benefits Of Vitamin D includes:
• It helps the intestinal absorption of nutrients.
• It prevents osteomalacia and rickets.
• It provides calcium balance in the body
• It regulates blood pressure and reduces stress and tension
• It relieves body aches and pains
• It prevents preeclampsia by improving kidney function,
The deficiency of Vitamin D can cause:
• Rickets in children
• Osteomalacia in adults.
• Increases risk of common cancers
• Autoimmune diseases
• Hypertension and infectious diseases.
The Over consumption of Vitamin D can cause nausea, loss of weight, irritability. Retards
mental and physical growth, damages kidneys.
Water Soluble Vitamins:
Water-soluble vitamins are those that are not stored in our body and are eliminated through
urine. These vitamins require their continuous supply to body through diets. The water-soluble
vitamins are as follows:
VITAMIN B-COMPLEX: These are 7 types as follows:
1. riboflavin (vitamin B2)
3. vitamin Thiamin (vitamin B1)
5. vitamin B12
7. Pantothenic acid.
The sources are Pork, liver, whole grains, enriched grain products, peas, meat and legumes.
The various functions include:
• They help to release energy from food
• They promote a normal appetite
• They are important for the proper functioning of the nervous system
• They function as coenzymes that help the body...