Family Values Paper
Lisa D Reuss RN BSHA
University of Phoenix
Family health nursing provides the "conceptual foundations of family nursing across the life span" (Garwick, 2002, p. 284). "The Family Health Nurse (FHN) concept was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Europe in order to provide a means to strengthen family and community-oriented health services" (West and Macduff, 2006). WHO defines family health nursing as presenting a "key contribution within a multi-disciplinary team of health care professionals in the attainment of the 21 health targets" produced by the World Health Organization 21-policy outline.
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37). The concepts are "nuclear family emotional system; the differentiated self; triangles, the multigenerational transmission process, sibling position, emotional cutoff, societal emotional process, and family projection process" (Friedman, Bowden, and Jones, 2003).
When it comes to nursing theories, Orem's Self-Care theory strikes the mind first as being the most flexible theory to family nursing within the context of home care practice. When Orem's perspective is expanded to include the family as the unit of care, it encompasses the context of the family as providing the environment in which the individual strives to perform self-care functions. Self-care can be utilized "to foster the promotion of health in families and to recognize and evaluate areas where diminished health may exist (Friedman, Bowden and Jones, 2003, p. 67).
These two theoretical perspectives on care, and the way in which they influence the family, are used often in home health care nursing, particularly in today's environment when shorter hospital stays are the rule and home care nurses must ensure that patients will follow care instructions after discharge (Domrose, 2001). One of the primary ways that nurses can do this is to educate a family member, along with the patient, as to care procedures to follow.
Bowen Family Systems Theory offers guidance into family dynamics and how these dynamics fit or not fit within the life of the individual. Orem's Self-Care theory informs the home health care nurse as to how to go about designing effective nursing interventions in order to achieve specific health goals, either to restore health functioning or maintain health.
Family health nursing provides the "conceptual foundations of family nursing across the life span" (Garwick, 2002, p. 284). "The Family Health Nurse (FHN) concept was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Europe in order to provide a means to strengthen family and...