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Families Are Not The Only Agents Of Socialization

1848 words - 8 pages

Families Are Not The Only Agents Of Socialization
The agents of socialization are the persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know in order to participate in society. There are four agents of socialization. They include family, peers, school, and the mass media. Of the four agents, family is considered the primary agent of socialization. The other three agents of socialization, peers, school, and the mass media, are considered secondary agents of socialization. Though these are considered secondary agents, they are very important components of socialization. Many people tend to forget about the function and importance of these three agents. It is important for people ...view middle of the document...

Those from loving families seem to be more happy and less violent than those who are raised in families that are too strict or too lenient. Families from different social classes tend to raise their children in different manners. Working class parents typically teach their children the importance of following norms and obedience. Parents in the middle class and the professional class often allow their children to make their own choices and give them independence and freedom. These factors may follow them throughout their school years and their career. It can affect how they treat those around them and how others may treat them. Families can be a factor on how confident and creative one will be. It may also be a deciding factor in rather one will be a leader or a follower. The person that one learns to be at home, will reflect on the person they are around their peers and in school.
Peer groups are secondary agents of socialization. Children learning to socialize with others properly must have peers to interact with. When children form friendships with their peers, the satisfaction and security that most children derive from interacting with peers outweigh periodic problems. People interacting with their peers can be very positive because it can give one a sense of acceptance, despite the fact that friendships have inevitable ups and downs. Peers can be a way for people to get out and socialize or relax. It can also be a way for people to meet others and learn to be comfortable. Peer groups may form close social circles, in which, the peers can find the most comfort and sense of belonging. The peers may often seclude themselves from other groups. They may also confide in each other as an outlet, which can be very healthy because releasing one’s anger and expressing their feelings to someone they can trust can be a great stress reliever. Many people can feel popular because they are well liked. In contrast, some people that appear to be popular may feel alone and unhappy, despite having many friends.
Peers groups may make one feel alienated. Children who are unable to form closer satisfying relationship with peers should be of concern to parents. For one thing, these children miss out on opportunities to learn social skill that will be important throughout their lives. Especially critical are the skills needed to initiate and maintain social relationships and to resolve social conflict. This may include communicating, compromising, and tactful thinking. Children who lack ongoing peer involvement also may miss opportunities to build a sense of social self-confidence. These may develop little faith in their own abilities to achieve interpersonal goals and, thus, are easily overwhelmed by the normal ups and downs of social interactions. Implications for the children’s future social and professional adjustments are obvious. Children without satisfying friendships may suffer from painful feelings of isolation. School may be an unpleasant place for...

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