Fall of the Roman Republic
Everyone seems to write about the fall of the Roman Empire. I guess they think the end of the Empire is very important because it marks the end of a thousand years of Roman power and the onset of the Dark Ages. I, however, would rather study the fall of the Roman Republic because it is much more interesting. First of all the Republic is a classic governmental form like the democracies of Greece. The Empire, by contrast, was a corrupt totalitarian system which was bound to collapse at some point under its own weight.
Two centuries after that, towards the end of the 1st century BC, it included the rest of modern France, and much of the eastern Mediterranean. By this time, despite the Republic's traditional and lawful constraints against any individual's acquisition of permanent political powers, Roman politics was dominated by a small number of Roman leaders, their uneasy alliances punctuated by a series of civil wars.
The Roman Republic was transformation into a new kind of order, the Roman Empire. Here are the main reasons:
① city-state basis. The Roman republic is established on the basis of the city-state system. The city-state system’s economy is based on small-scale farmers. After extensive use of slaves, the Italian real estate has become increasingly concentrated in a small number of large landholders. Small-scale peasant economy collapsed together with the basis of the city-state. And therefore, the city-state must be followed perish. The dump of the republic is immutable historical trends.
② original senate can not represent the interests of the slave class of the entire Mediterranean region, it can only represent the interests of the local slave owners. After a series of wars of aggression from 3 centuries BC to 2 centuries BC, Rome developed from a small city-state to the rule of...