This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Faith And Retribution In "Genesis" And Homer's "Odyssey"

1587 words - 7 pages

Both the Old Testament of the Bible and Homer's Odyssey posit a natural order that existed at the beginning, a time when everyone knew their place, man was in concord with God (or the gods), and everything was just as it should be, In the Bible, this was the time when Adam and Eve first lived in the Garden of Eden, before the Fall; in the Odyssey, it can be presumed to be the era before Odysseus left Ithaka to fight in the Trojan War. However, both these balanced situations were upset very soon. Adam and Eve sinned against God, were exiled from Paradise, and stuck in a repetitive cycle of sinning; Odysseus left his home and family and was gone for twenty years. By the time we come down to ...view middle of the document...

To violate ancient custom would be to defy the will of the gods. Yet it is clear that the entertaining of the suitors is a situation that got out of hand, and the goddess Athena expresses shock at the suitor's carousing: "But tell me now, and make this clear to me:/ what gathering, and what feast is this/ Why here?/ A wedding? Revel? At the expense of all?/ Not that, I think. How arrogant they seem,/ these gluttons, making free here in your house!/ A sensible man would blush to be among them" (I, 269-74). The first question here does not appear whether Penelope has an obligation to remarry, but whether Penelope has an obligation to marry one of these louts. And the second question is not whether Penelope has an obligation to entertain visitors -- she does -- but whether the suitors have a right to behave so shockingly at their royal family's expense. Obviously, they do not -- particularly since Odysseus is still alive and on his way home. The fundamentally evil situation has to be righted. The Bible presents us with a situation that has to be righted as well. After Adam and Eve leave the Garden of Eden, their children inherit their sinful natures (this is called the doctrine of Original Sin). Subsequent generations become more and more evil, and fall further and further from the original intentions of God when He created them. Chapter 6, verses 5-6 of Genesis says, "And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth, and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually. And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart." Again, something has to be done. There was, according to Genesis, one righteous family left on the earth, and the head of this household was named Noah. Like the boy Telemakhos in the Odyssey, Noah himself could do nothing against this sea of corruption, aside from continue in his righteous path; nonetheless, the Bible says that he "found grace in the eyes of the LORD " (Gen. 6: 8). He also seems to have been in God's confidence, for we find God telling Noah that "The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth " (Gen. 6: 13). In the Odyssey, Telemakhos is advised by the goddess Athena to sail to the land of Menelaos to inquire whether Menelaos knows of the whereabouts of his father; in short, he needs to seek help to vanquish the suitors. In the Bible, Noah is instructed by God to build an ark which will protect him and his family against the ravages of the coming flood. It is significant that the Greeks allow their hero a much more active role than the Hebrews do; aside from building a boat, Noah really did nothing to fix the situation, expecting the solution to come from God. On the other hand, in the Odyssey it is the return of Odysseus (aided, it is true, by Athena) that vanquishes the suitors once and for all. When they go up to the main house,...

Other Papers Like Faith And Retribution In "Genesis" And Homer's "Odyssey"

Equiano’S Battle: Faith And Perseverance Essay

1151 words - 5 pages Kathya Delgado Spring 2013 2649908 Equiano’s Battle: Faith and Perseverance It was no secret the sufferings and renderings many slaves had came across during “The Middle Passage”; it wasn’t just torture and pain but most of all self discovery of their new reality. Despite from Equiano has known from his childhood in his homeland, it was a constant battle of the acceptance, exploration, and assessment new ideas or concepts into his new

Healthcare Provider and Faith Diverisity Essay

1227 words - 5 pages Breanna Watson Health Care Provider and Faith Diversity HLT-310V Spirituality In Healthcare June 27, 2012 As healthcare providers we are going to always encounter patients of different cultures, beliefs, and religions. Because of the diversity we face, we are also going to also have to learn to at times push our beliefs aside to be able to support and help care for our clients with unbiased opinions. Being that there are so many different

Libya and My Abiding Faith

524 words - 3 pages Libya and My Abiding Faith Libya sits directly between Tunisia and Egypt -– two nations where changes of regime has taken place recently through its own’s pople complicated effort.  For more than four decades, the Libyan people have been ruled by a tyrant -– Muammar Qaddafi.  He has denied his people freedom, exploited their wealth, murdered opponents at home and abroad, and terrorized innocent people around the world. Last month, Qaddafi’s

Not Full Faith and Credit

2015 words - 9 pages Not Full Faith and Credit In this current century we as a society are witnessing science and technology that adapts at an ever increasing pace, infinitely changing. We as a society give great weight to the belief in equality and equal opportunity. A practicality of thinking has become the norm for much of society due to this increasing belief in a scientific basis for our decisions. However, in a society that seems to pride itself on being

Integration Of Faith And Learning

704 words - 3 pages Integration of Faith and Learning 2 Natalie Collins Liberty University Abstract The book of Joshua details when God commanded Joshua to lead the Israelites into Jericho, and other cities. The position Joshua had to take can be compared to those that take place in marketing management. Marketing management takes place when an individual takes the necessary steps to achieve desired responses from others in business. Marketing is not only

Love Is Trust And Faith

754 words - 4 pages “Get over him. He’s not even worth it. He is not worth your time or your tears. Yeah you loved him, I know that. And I know you just can’t see yourself with anyone other than him, I get that. I’ve been there. But why should you spend all your time sitting at home, bawling your eyes out and wondering where he is and who he is with. Do you honestly think he is thinking about you? No. Sure it hurts, the fact that he is out there falling in and out

The Conflict Between Knowledge And Faith

1437 words - 6 pages When reading, “An Open Letter to Students: On Having Faith and Thinking for Yourself”, C. Terry Warner (1971) expounds concerning the conflict between knowledge and faith in our lives. In doing so Warner asserts how people assume if they have knowledge then they cannot have faith. The reason for this separation is the misconception humans have concerning knowledge. According to Warner, the misconception humans have towards knowledge is

Heath Care Provider And Faith Diversity

496 words - 2 pages anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord. And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick person well; the Lord will raise the up. If they have sinned, they will be forgiven. Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective (New International Version, James 5:13-16). If you are righteous, pray, confess your sins and you will be healed. I feel

"The Odyssey" by Homer, and in "The Ramayana", by R.K Narayan

566 words - 3 pages As Circe tries to seduce men and turn them into pigs, Penelope stays loyal and obedient to her husband. While Soorpanaka tries to steal a woman's spouse and sleep with him, Sita refuses to leave her husband's side. These traits show the major differences between temptresses and ideal wives in The Odyssey and The Ramayana. Though temptresses have more force, faithful wives always end up with the better lifestyle. Both The Odyssey and Ramayana

The Relationship Between Fear and Faith the Crucible

549 words - 3 pages In the play, The Crucible by Arthur Miller, the Puritans are very religious people who believe the sole purpose of government was to enforce God’s law. Their immense “faith” blinded them throughout the course of the Salem Witch Trials. This faith soon turned into fear as many of the high-standing people of the village were accused and sentence to death by hanging. In The Crucible, faith and fear relate very closely with the decisions that were

The Cunning And Deceitful Women Of Homer’S Odyssey

1531 words - 7 pages The Cunning and Deceitful Women of Homer’s Odyssey One of the most famous works from the early Greek era is Homer’s Odyssey. It details the journey home of a war hero, Odysseus. His homecoming entails many adventures, each presented as a separate episode that he must overcome. Though the varied episodes differ in terms of characters and settings, most are based on similar patterns of plot and theme. The themes that are most emphasized are

Related Essays

Fate And Freewill In The Odyssey

1116 words - 5 pages can see everyday and a tangible idea, but having faith in something. In the Greek culture and belief system the gods play a very important role in determining your fate. In Greek mythology, the Greek Gods are always very key, important figures throughout the story often becoming involved and interfering in the characters lives personally. The gods determine the paths of the characters—creating the characters’ fate.  But the characters have to

Consumerism And Faith Essay

1272 words - 6 pages and work, and other more important matters that are productive in my life. I question the reason why people spend a great deal of money on such material objects. Tillich emphasizes in his work “What Faith Is” that faith requires complete submission to whatever the concerned subject is. “The dynamics of faith are the dynamics of man’s ultimate concern” (269). The act of being concerned connects to the object a person is concerned about. When an

Faith And Healthcare Services Essay

2338 words - 10 pages FAITH AND PHOLOPHIES OF DIFFERENT RELIGIONS TOWARDS HEALTH CARE The problem of respecting the patients’ religious based decisions is playing an increasingly important role in medical practices probably because bioethical standards accentuate the principle of the respect for autonomy (the departure from medical paternalism) and the contacts between people belonging to different religious traditions are becoming more and more frequent because

Iliad And Odyssey Essay

1834 words - 8 pages WRITTEN REPORT Course: Literary Criticism Topic: Perspectives and Techniques in Literary Criticism Reporter: Ms. Zairan A. Tutin INTRODUCTION: Literary criticism is not an abstract, intellectual exercise; it is a natural human response to literature. If a friend informs you she is reading a book you have just finished, it would be odd indeed if you did not begin swapping opinions. It is inevitable that people will ponder, discuss, and