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Exploring Programming Languages Essay

1818 words - 8 pages

1970’s
Dartmouth Basic- was created by John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz on May 1, 1964. Basic stands for Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code . The aims of the BASIC system were: to develop a system and language that was friendly, easy to learn and use, to introduce computing as an adjunct to other courses, to operate an open access policy (i-programmer.info, 2010).
Pascal- was created by Niklaus Wirth in 1972. He wanted a language suitable for teaching but for teaching computer science. It is best described as a simplified version of Algol. It was simplified both to make it easier to learn and to make it easier to compile (i-programmer.info, 2010).
C- Was created by Ken ...view middle of the document...

info, 2010).
CEEMAC- was created by Brooke Boering and published by Vagabondo Enterprises in the 80’s for the Apple II family of computers. It is a programming language designed to be a visual composition language in which the programmer designed dynamic "scores" by programatically controlling color, shape, sound and movement. Additionally, a programmer could then "perform" their score through use of the Apple II keyboard or paddle input devices to introduce additional variation (i-programmer.info, 2010) .
IBM BASIC- was created by IBM in 1981 with the IBM Personal Computer (model 5150). IBM released four different versions of the Microsoft BASIC interpreter, licensed from Microsoft for the PC and PCjr. They are known as Cassette BASIC, Disk BASIC, Advanced BASIC , and Cartridge BASIC. Versions of Disk BASIC and Advanced BASIC were included with IBM PC DOS up to PC DOS 4. In addition to the features of an ANSI standard BASIC, the IBM versions offered support for the graphics and sound hardware of the IBM PC line. Source code could be typed in with a full screen editor, and very limited facilities were provided for rudimentary program debugging. IBM also released a version of the Microsoft BASIC compiler for the PC, concurrently with the release of PC DOS 1.10 in 1982 (i-programmer.info, 2010).
C++- was created by Bjarne Stroustrup at bell Labs starting in 1979. It is a statically typed, free-form, multi-paradigm, compiled, general-purpose programming language. It is regarded as an intermediate-level language, as it comprises both high-level and low-level language features. C++ was originally named C with Classes, adding object oriented features, such as classes, and other enhancements to the C programming language. The language was renamed C++ in 1983, as a pun involving the increment operator (i-programmer.info, 2010).
Objective-C was created by Brad Cox and Tom Love for Apple in 1983. It is a general-purpose, high-level, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language. It is the main programming language used by Apple for the OS X and iOS operating systems and their respective APIs, Cocoa and Cocoa Touch (i-programmer.info, 2010).
1990’s

PHP- created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1995, the reference implementation Originally of PHP is now produced by The PHP Group. It is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. The code is interpreted by a web server with a PHP processor module which generates the resulting web page: PHP commands can be embedded directly into an HTML source document rather than calling an external file to process data. It has also evolved to include a command-line interface capability and can be used in standalone graphical applications. PHP is free software released under the PHP License, which is incompatible with the GNU General Public License (GPL) due to restrictions on the usage of...

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