Explain The Main Themes Of Theodicies In The Augustinian Tradition

1193 words - 5 pages

Explain the main themes of theodicies in the Augustinian tradition.

• God made the world perfect as God can only make perfect things / evil does not
exist, it is only a lack of perfection.
• Only God himself is perfect. Created things are open to change and therefore
open to going wrong.
• God gave humans and angels free will and these rejected God and created evil.
Their evil actions made all things imperfect. Evil is either sin or the punishment
for sin.
• Everybody is guilty of sin as everybody is seminally present in Adam.
• God is right not to end suffering and evil as he should not interfere with the
freedom he has given to humans.
• Humans need evil to be ...view middle of the document...

For many years the traditional Christian church has used the Augustinian theodicy as a main part of their teaching, in particularly using it for its Doctrine of Original Sin.

Augustine begins his theodicy with the concept that God is perfect. The world he has created is one that reflects perfection. He then also continues to say that in this perfect world, for it to be perfect, humans were born with free will and this was harmonious. After sin and death entered the world through not only Adam and Eve's disobedience but also the fall of the Archangel Lucifer, disharmony was brought about in both humanity and the Creation. Subsequently, Aquinas believes that the whole of humanity experiences this disharmony because we are descended from Adam's 'loins'. Augustine claimed that: 'All evil is either sin or the punishment for sin'. Natural and moral evil are therefore consequences of this disharmony within the Creation created by the falls. God is justified in not intervening because the suffering is a consequence of our human action, and God must accept this it is an action we performed through our free will which he placed upon us himself.

Central to Augustine's theory is that of deprivation i.e. evil is not a substance; it is the absence of something. Augustine uses the analogy of blindness to explain this. Blindness is not an entity but the absence of sight, much in the same way that evil is not an entity but an absence of good. For Augustine, this means that evil came about as a direct result of the misuse of free will. He includes that both natural and moral evil are consequences of this abuse. Natural evil has come about through an imbalance in nature brought about by this misuse of free will and moral evil through the imbalance in the human creation and a punishment for the sin which Adam and Eve committed. In the Bible, there is evidence to support this theodicy that the world is suffering through the act of God making reconciliation possible through the coming of Jesus of Nazareth: "For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him" (John 3:16-17)

A modern addition to Augustine's theory can be found in Plantinga's God, Freedom and Evil in which he claims that for God to have created a being that could perform good actions and...

Other Papers Like Explain the main themes of theodicies in the augustinian tradition

Compare the Main Job Roles and Functions in Two Organisations and Explain How They May Differ in Different Organisational Structures

1997 words - 8 pages M1 Compare the main job roles and functions in two organisations and explain how they may differ in different organisational structures: Tesco: The main job role of the CEO is looking after shareholders interests and deciding strategy or policy this means what the business aims to do in the long term for example to expand and grow. The CEO also looks at the long-term plans of the business over the next five years. They also try to aim to be

"Gambling With The Future": A History With And Without Tradition. Comparison Of Two Short Stories And Their Themes. Shirley Jackson's "The Lottery" And Thomas King's "Totem."

1266 words - 6 pages In many literary works, history is a core theme. Such is the case in Shirley Jackson's "The Lottery" and Thomas King's "Totem". Both stories' themes stress the importance of being critical of history. Each story, however, takes a different approach on the treatment of this theme. "The Lottery" suggests one should question history and tradition, and perhaps it is time to move on or change. In "Totem," the importance of remembering one's heritage

John Keats - When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be : a Discussion of the Main Themes

630 words - 3 pages When I Have Fears That I may Cease to Be – John Keats Keats was a young man whose family was plagued by disease and death and as a result he was obsessed with death and was fearful of dying young. This fear is the main theme of the poem ‘When I Have Fears That I May Cease To Be’. The poem is an English sonnet which is made up of fourteen lines divided into an eight line octave and a six line sestet. The poem as a whole has a regular rhythm

Tratkakis, Nick “Replies on the Alleged Failure of Free Will Theodicies: a Reply to Tierno” Department of Philosophy, Monash University, Spohia, Vol. 42, No. 2, October 2003

694 words - 3 pages JOURNAL ARTICLE CRITIQUE of Tratkakis, Nick “Replies On The Alleged Failure of Free Will Theodicies: A Reply to Tierno” Department of Philosophy, Monash University, Spohia, Vol. 42, No. 2, October 2003 Theo 525 LUO (fall 2013) Systematic Theology I Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary Jeremy W. Allexon (ID# 25923739) September 22, 2013 Introduction The purpose of this piece is to conduct an analysis and re-butt Joel Tierno’s

The Grief Of The Three Main Characters In

905 words - 4 pages As the story progresses, it is full of grief. This story does not even have a happy opening, it is sad through and through. To understand this grief, we must clearly comprehend the character's personality and background, before we can even begin to understand his grief. The people who come to grief and evoke grief in us are the three main characters: Stanley Kowalski, Blanche and Stella Dubois The first character that I mention that is Stanley

Themes in the Great Gatsby

1535 words - 7 pages surface, The Great Gatsby is a story of the thwarted love between a man and a woman. The main theme of the novel, however, encompasses a much larger, less romantic scope. Though all of its action takes place over a mere few months during the summer of 1922 and is set in a circumscribed geographical area in the vicinity of Long Island, New York, The Great Gatsby is a highly symbolic meditation on 1920s America as a whole, in particular

The Main Characteristics of Adhd

2220 words - 9 pages , attention impaired, dishonest and accident-prone, along with a general defect in moral control” (Armas 2001). It is now estimated that between 3-5% of all children have ADHD which is approximately 2 million children nationwide. So in a normal classroom of 25-30 children, at least one will have ADHD. The main characteristics of ADHD are chronic levels of inattention , hyperactivity, and impulsiveness, however many normal children

Explain the Different Sources of Law in England

1838 words - 8 pages ETMA02 | March 22 2013 | Personal Identifier: C2507317 | James Delaney | Q1 Explain the Different Sources of Law in England Using Examples from Block 1 of W100 Laws are official codes which have the backing of state powers of enforcement and sanctions, the major sources of law in England are the Westminster Parliament, Common Law, and the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights. Laws made by Parliament are called

Identify And Explain The Main Changes That Have Occured To The Employment Relations Environment

2326 words - 10 pages that are related to employment relationship. These theories and approaches have changed rapidly from the classical era to the modern era. Furthermore, illustrating issues that have evolved through changes in the employment relations environments such as the nature of work, technology, managerial regimes, regulation, policy and globalisation. The purpose of this essay is to identify and explain the main changes that listed above. The second part

Explain How the Role of the Teacher Changes in the Process of the Child’s Growing Normalisation

2104 words - 9 pages The following essay shows how the role of the teacher changes as the child grows through the process of normalisation. The terms normalisation and deviations, will be defined and understood. Favourable environment will be discussed with regard to the role it plays in the normalisation process. The changes that a child undergoes will be considered along with how the teacher’s role will change as the child is maturing. I will briefly consider what

Decades of Conflict and War: the American Tradition

1731 words - 7 pages Decades of Conflict and War: The American Tradition Ginny Kleinhans September 5, 2010 HIS135 Mona Rocha Decades of Conflict and War: The American Tradition The United States of America is a nation founded by and established through conflict and war. Sadly, this history of confrontation seems to have become an American tradition. This tradition is easily seen when reviewing American history after the end of World War II. Every decade

Related Essays

Main Themes Of 'othello' Essay

783 words - 4 pages “How does Shakespeare introduce the main themes of the play ‘Othello’ in act one and act three scene three?” William Shakespeare was a very famous and successful playwright during the late 1500’s and early 1600’s. His plays gave a significant and momentous effect towards the Jacobean (people ruled by King James) audience. Shakespeare was born in 1564 in Warwickshire; Stratford – Upon – Avon. To continue with his career of writing, Shakespeare

Explain The Main Impacts Of Any Two Electoral Systems Other Than First Past The Post

537 words - 3 pages Explain the main impacts of any two electoral systems other than First Past the Post (10 marks) Proportional systems such as closed party list are distinctly more in favour of smaller parties than most other systems. This is attributed to the fact that the percentage of votes cast in favour of a party directly corresponds to the percentage of seats they gain; this leads to an exceptionally more accurate result than majoritarian systems. Because

Reoccuring Themes In The Works Of Hemmingway

1994 words - 8 pages fable usually has magic powers and dwells on earth in close relationship to humans. They live in the primeval forest and contact people who come into their territory. In folklore, many stories are about animals that behave like human conflicting with others or with people. In such a plot, the animal is an image of the death or the savior of a main character who is in jeopardy of the visible death. Hemingway's works are based on the cradle of

Themes In The Poetry Of Eavan Boland

2867 words - 12 pages The relentless passage of time and the loss of human lives are in no doubt hugely apparent themes in Boland’s poetry. In fact I believe them to be probably the most profound issues which she deals with, and I find her means of exploring them, through a juxtaposition of personal exposure and political address to be highly impressive. Although her poetry is extensive in its subjects, her clear consideration of inevitability itself and the tragedy