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Exotic Disseases Essay

2971 words - 12 pages

Exotic Diseases

Exotic diseases are one of the greatest threats to humanity. In a world where so many things are overlooked, diseases and epidemics are clearly overlooked and underestimated far more than any threat of nuclear war, global warming, or any comet headed for earth. Throughout history epidemics have plagued the earth several times resulting in a devastating number of deaths. In this new millennium, many new and old diseases await humanity. What the world doesn't comprehend is that an epidemic can be easily spawn off by many other problems humanity faces today.

Some of those problems are high population density, newly inhabited areas, increased travel, new generation without ...view middle of the document...

What most people didn´t realize right away was that some of the monkeys were infected with Ebola. When the monkey´s arrived, the World Health Organization had found some dead, and diagnosed them with Ebola. The military had to quarantine and then kill all 400 monkey´s before the virus could start an epidemic in the United States. They were lucky they found some of the monkey´s dead and quickly knew from the way they died what from, if the monkey´s were still in the early stages of the virus, they most likely wouldn´t have stopped the virus in time from spreading. (Witness, 1995)

In 1991 El Tor hit the coast of Peru. A crate of infected algae in water was shipped in from China and dumped in the Callao harbor. EL Tor came right into people´s homes through their faucets, the population was literally feasting on the deadly virus. El Tor started to spread all over Latin America. (Garrett, P.565) During the 80´s and early 90´s, Yellow Fever epidemics had occurred in Nigeria and Kenya, whipping out hundreds of their people. Mosquitoes are the natural hosts for the disease. Many researchers and scientists have stated that they have seen how easy it can be to spawn off and Yellow Pg. 3 Fever outbreak. The simple action of leaving the stumps of trees in place, after cutting them down, can start an outbreak in the disease. This is caused by the larvae collected in the water of the stumps, left by the mosquitoes. (Anderson, p.56, 1987) Yellow Fever is just one of the deadly viruses that are carried by insects.

One of the key reasons epidemics spread is by the increase of travel. People can limit themselves to which places they travel, but what about insects? The American "Screw worm fly", which transmitted deadly maggots that kill livestock, turned up in Lybia in 1988. It quickly spread through North Africa and its natural habitat was the USA. (Garrett, P.576, 1995) "In temperate ecologies, keeping wild insects at bay was quite easy, provided abatement and control systems remained intact and vigilant. Even a year of slacking in such an effort could, permit a sudden surge in insect vector populations, with resultant disease." (Garrett, P.576, 1995) The fact that an outbreak could easily occur, if there was just a little neglect towards the control systems, is devastating. The result of such an action could be a world epidemic in a very short period of time, with a variety of different viruses. There were several outbreaks in mosquito borne diseases between 1985 and 1992 in specific areas in the USA, St. Louis, Florida, and Texas. At the time of this outbreak there was widespread panic, forcing cancellations of outdoor activities at night. (Garrett,P.619-20, 1995)

AIDS is a very well known disease. Human neglect can be measured on a wide status, but one can be the neglect and ignorance of not using protection, while participating in sexual acts, and sharing needles. AIDS is spread by the exchange of body fluids, and the neglect of people not taking...

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