Examine The Reasons For And The Consequences Of The Fall In Death Rate Since 1900 (24)

966 words - 4 pages

Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rate since 1900 (24)
Death rate is the number of deaths per thousand of the population per year. Since 1900 there has been a declining trend in overall death rate of the population in Britain, the death rate has almost halved from 19 to 10 per thousand. Although the death rate has increased slightly during the period of economic depression followed by World War 2, but the overall trend of death rate has been declining. There were a number of factors influencing the fall in death rate.
Firstly, one of the factors for the decrease in the death rate is the medical improvement. Vaccinations and immunisations were wide spread ...view middle of the document...

Secondly, in the 20th century, improved public health measure and environment has improved people’s quality of living. The government has taken greater responsibility by using necessary power to pass and enforce the law on public health measure and environment. For example, Clean Air Acts reduced air pollution such as the smog that led to 4000 premature deaths in five days in 1952. This suggests that quality of environment has great impact on death rate and thus a good management can be effective to lower the death rate. Other changes made by government include improvements in sewers, better quality housing, and cleaner drinking water, which have provided people with better sanitation. This would impact on the death rate because better sanitation prevents people from contacting with diseases, improve the quality of living and therefore increases the survival chances. This factor seems important in the fall of death rate as better quality of environmental would not be achievable without these government interventions.
There is a negative correlation between death rate and life expectancy. As death rate decreases since 1900, life expectancy has increased. In 1900, life expectancy for a man was 50 and a woman 57, more recently life expectancy is a large amount higher as in 2009 life expectancy for a man is 78 and a woman 82. The average age of the UK population is rising, 34.1 in 1971 and 39.6 in 2007. As a result of increase in life expectancy, crises have been caused by an unforeseen ageing population in the UK. Ageing population refers to when there are more elderly and fewer young people. One of the main consequences of ageing population said by Griffiths Report is that more money needed to be spent on health care as incidence of chronic disease increases with age. The rise in the number of elder increases the dependency ratio which means there will be...

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