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Ewaste Management Essay

2978 words - 12 pages





Electronic waste or e-waste is one of the most rapidly growing problems of the world.E-waste consists of a various components,which is contained toxic substances.This substances has an hazardous impact on human health and the environment if not handled properly .Our country is also suffering not ...view middle of the document...

Millions of people is rushing to buy the new products.But what about those old phones and gadgets?Where they have gone?Some body sold their old pc in a cheap price and others store them or met there end in municipal landfills.Electronics complex devices is made with Varity of materials like lead,nickel,cadmiumand mercury which is hazardous for human’s health.This report highlights the fact that how electronic wastage is affected on environment ,how it is affected our India and recycling of electronic wastes amongst the manufacturers / assemblers, importers, recyclers, and the consumers.
1.2 Electronics waste and its impact:
Every electronics components is manufactured by toxic materials like lead,mercury ,cadmiumetc.These are present in cathode ray tube(CRT),capacitors,transistors,LCDs and even cartridges of photocopying machine.So,electronic or electric waste consists of toxic substances like lead and Cadmium which is used to make LCD monitors? Mercury in flat screen monitor like CRT,Cadmium in computer batteries and transistors or capacitors.All electronic gadgets consist of printed circuit board which contains lead and antimony oxide.When this components is burnt out the toxic fumes is emitted into the air .When we dispose our old battery in landfills it also increases the toxicity of land.
The United Nations Environment Program estimates that 20 to 50 million tons of electronic equipment waste is generated each year, worldwide. The International Association of Electronics Recyclers says that an average of 200 million TV's and one billion pieces of computer equipment will disposed of each year for the rest of this decade.
Yet because of the hazardous materials which are used in their manufacture, the European Union, the US and Canada and others have developed policies with the intent of keeping this waste out of their landfills.Developed countries like Australia, UK,and America exports their Ewaste materials to non-developed or developing countries.These materials pollute the environment and it effects on children’s as well as human’s health. “Domestic e-waste including computers, refrigerators, televisions and mobiles contain more than 1000 different toxic materials,” BBC online said.

1.3 E-Waste Volume:
The estimated amount of e-waste generated on the planet every year (20-50 million tons) put into containers on a train would go at least once around the world!E-Waste is fastest growing waste stream in South Africa. E-wasteconstitutes already 5-8 percent of municipal solid waste, and isaccumulating at a rate three times that of other solid waste.
1.4Country Situations:
The report assesses current policies, skills, waste collection networks and informal recycling in 11 representative developing economies in Asia, Africa and the Americas:
China, India
South Africa, Uganda, Senegal, Kenya, Morocco
Brazil, Columbia, Mexico, Peru
It also outlines options for sustainable e-waste management in those countries.
The data includes...

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