Evolution Of Management Thought And Patterns Of Management Analysis

1682 words - 7 pages

Evolution of management thought and patterns of management analysis.

Scientific management school

•A theory is simply a blueprint or roadmap that guides towards achieving the goal. In other wards, it provides a systemic framework for actions. •Study of management only dates for the last century, although there has been concerns about effective management practice for over centuries

Scientific management school

The two earliest pioneers of management theory are: -Robert Own and -Charles Babbage

Scientific management school
Robert Own (1771 -1858)

A British industrialist who valued the organization’s human resources.

Scientific management school

He advocated ideas ...view middle of the document...

Scientific management
*Henry Gantt( 1861 -1919)

He developed the GANTT CHART that helps scheduling work ,and the pay system, workers should be entitled to a minimum wage. Bonus should be paid for extra hours.

Scientific management
Harrington Emerson: (1853 -1931)

He made a strict distinction between line and staff roles in organizations.

The classical organization theory

in contrast to the scientific theory which focuses on the jobs of individual emp Classical organization theory deals with the management of the whole organization . * Primary contributors were:

The classical organization theory
Henry Fayol(1841 -1925)

A French industrialist who made fourteen principles for effective management

The classical organization theory

1-Division of labor: according to specialization. 2-Authority to carryout responsibilities. 3-discipline: workers should respect organization’s rules. 4-unity of commands. 5- unity of direction: the organization should have one manager. 6-subordination of individuals to the common goals.

The classical organization theory
7- renumeration 8-centralization of the power and authority in the upper level. 9-scaller chain: authority extends from top to bottom. 10-order 11-equity in treating subordinates. 12-stability: avoiding high turn over of employees. 13-initiative: encourage employees to be initiative 14-esprit de corps: team work and team spirit.

The classical organization theory
Lyndol Urwick: (1891 -1983)

He advocated modern thinking about the management functions, he also developed a list of general guidelines for improving management effectiveness.

The classical organization theory
Max Weber ( 1864 – 1920 )
Bureaucratic Theory was developed by a Germen sociologist and political economist
Max Weber (1864-1920), according to him: Bureaucracy is the most efficient form of

Organization. The Organization has a well defined line of authority; it has clear rules
and regulations which are strictly followed.

The classical organization theory

• According to Weber there are three types of power in an Organization: • Traditional Power. • Charismatic Power. • Bureaucratic, Legal Power.

The classical organization theory
        

Characteristics of Bureaucratic organization: A high degree of Division of Labor and specialization. Defined Hierarchy of Authority. It follows the principle of Rationality, Objective and Consistency. The are Formal and impersonal relations Interpersonal relations based on positions. well defined Rules and Regulations. There well defined Methods Selection and Promotion based on Technical qualifications. Only Bureaucratic or legal Power is given importance

The classical organization theory
Criticism of Bureaucratic Theory:
very rigid type of Organization does not give importance to human relations suitable for government organizations. suitable for Organizations where change is very slow  appropriate for static...

Other Papers Like Evolution of Management Thought and Patterns of Management Analysis

Evolution of Management Essay

2947 words - 12 pages Evolution of management Through the practice of management and the continued development of commerce and wealth we are transforming our lives. In Massachusetts (USA) in the 1850s the life expectancy of a male would have been 37 years of age and a female 40: in 1929 it was 58 for a male and 61 for a female; nowadays life expectancy would be in the region 70-80 years. While appreciating the past success of ‘management’ we would also

Evolution of Human Resource Management Essay

701 words - 3 pages ASSIGNMENT: 2 Evolution of human resource management Key principles and practices associated with HRM date back to the beginning of mankind. More advanced HRM functions were developed as early as 1000 and 2000 B.C. Employee screening tests have been traced back to 1115 B.C. in China and the earliest form of industrial education, the apprentice system, was started in ancient Greek and Babylonian civilizations before gaining prominence during

Management Thought

1056 words - 5 pages . It helps answer the basic questions in the field -benefits of ERP, the causes of ERP failure etc. The Goal of an ERP System - The goal of ERP is to improve and streamline internal business processes, which typically requires reengineering of current business processes. Evolution of ERP In the 1960’s inventory control assumed prime importance and most of the software at that time were designed to help in inventory management. Typically

Rational Vs Irrational School Of Thought Approach Toward Strategic Management

1858 words - 8 pages Rational Vs Irrational School of Thought Approach Toward Strategic Management Introduction Managers face no greater challenge than that of strategic management, guiding a complex organisation through a dynamic; rapidly changing environment requires the best judgment. Strategic management are invariably ambiguous and unstructured, and the way in which management respond to them determines whether the organisation will succeed or fail

Analysis of Management Theories

559 words - 3 pages Analysis of Management Theories Vanessa Goins Grand Canyon University LDR-620 Professor Barry Adkins November 20, 2013 The historical theory that I believe is the most likely to be the most universal and applicable in today’s business environment is the humanistic perspective. It has remained the most prevalent from the 1950’s until today (Daft, 2010).It focuses on the positive of what it means to be human. The humanistic perspective, it

Analysis Of Management Theories

902 words - 4 pages Management theory can be traced back hundreds of years. It seems to have started at the beginning of the nineteenth century together with the emergence of industrial revolution. There are four main areas that management theories tend to follow. These basic theories can be classified as Classic, Human Relations, System and Contingency. Most recently, the contingency theory has become popular (Mullins, 1999). The contingency theory is similar to

Management Evolution

1438 words - 6 pages The Evolution of Management Theory People have been changing the shapes of the organizations for much generation. Looking back towards world history, we can mark out the incidents of people working together in official organizations such as the Greek and Roman armies, the East India Company, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Hudson Bay Company. People have also long been thinking about how to make organizations efficient and effective‐‐ since

Analysis of Human Resources Management

3761 words - 16 pages and theories around Human Resource Management. The dependencies among Performance Management (systems), Motivation, and Employee Rewards are inter-linked and thus I will discuss them within this context, with a wider focus on Employee Rewards and Reward Management. Motivation Motivation at work is one of the most essential drivers for employees to sustain their performance. Hitt, Black, and Porter define motivation as: “Motivation can be thought

Analysis of Lto and the Strategic Management Process

1459 words - 6 pages Pervasive studies regarding strategic management have inundated the business world and have conventionalized strategic management. In order to colonize a successful competitive frontier, leaders should adopt and institutionalize a strategic architecture to outline the components and structure of the strategic process (Mansfield, Fourie & Gevers, 2005). Strategic Architecture The strategic architecture emphasizes the extension and inclusion

Management And Creative Thought In World Class Corporation

711 words - 3 pages Management and Creative Thought in World Class Corporation There is a saying that “Management is an art” which indicated that successful management always associated with creative ways of organize and coordinate of the activities. Creative thought is vital to manager, especially to the managers who worked in world class corporations because some management role in such organization requires the ability to facilitate resources creatively

Organization and Management Analysis

1483 words - 6 pages Organization and Management Analysis By Bianca Andrews Course: HCS/514 March 23, 2014 Professor Samantha Bame Introduction Most, if not all, companies are made up of organizations. As an organization, it consists of people who are structured and managed with a specific purpose. That purpose is to create and achieve one or more specific goals as a whole. The people within the organization all play a different role that helps to

Related Essays

Evolution Of Management Thought Essay

1091 words - 5 pages The Evolution of Management Thinking 1880 - Scientific Management Frederick Taylor decides to time each and every worker at the Midvale Steel Company. His view of the future becomes highly accurate: "In the past man was first. In the future the system will be first." - Frederick Taylor In scientific management the managers were elevated while the workers' roles were negated. "Science, not rule of thumb, - Frederick Taylor The

Evolution Of Management Accounting Essay

2312 words - 10 pages INTRODUCTION Robert Samuel Kaplan was born in 1940. He is an American accounting academic, and a Professor of Accounting at Carnegie-Mellon University and Arthur Lowes Dickinson Professor of Accounting at the Harvard Business School. He had wrote a journal entitled “The Evolution of Management Accounting” in 1983. The purpose of this article is to summarize the development of management accounting, including the new demands for management

Evolution Of Management Essay

528 words - 3 pages Evolution of the Management Theory ------------------------------------------------- Early Management 3000 – 2500 BC The Egyptian pyramids are proof that projects of tremendous scope, employing tens of thousands of people, were completed in ancient times. It took more than 100, 000 workers some 20 years to construct a single pyramid. Someone had to plan what was to be done, organize people and materials to do it make sure

Evolution Of Management Essay

4281 words - 18 pages The Evolution of Management Theory In the closing decades of the 19th century there was a quest of seeking innovative ways to increase organizational efficiency and effectiveness. The Scientific Management Theory initiated on the basis of that. In this period of time crafts production was substituted by large factories in which a lot of technical revolutions have been taking place. The owners and managers were not capable of coping to these