This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Evaluation Of The Study Of Sociology From The Enlightenment Through To The Writings Of Durkheim, Marx And Weber

2494 words - 10 pages

Assignment briefing: Evaluate the study of sociology from the enlightenment through to the writings of Durkheim, Marx and Weber.
In this essay I will explain the reasons behind the creation of social science and link it to the growth of scientific knowledge of the enlightenment, tracing the work of August Comte in developing the subject. I will also outline the key ideas of Durkheim relating to the collective conscience and his belief in scientific methods. I will outline Marx’s idea of social class conflict and his belief in scientific methods. I will also look at Weber’s idea of class, status and power and also his belief in social action theory. I will outline the key elements of ...view middle of the document...

(Haralambos & Holborn, 2008)
In recent years the need for such rigid divisions between quantitative and qualitative methods have been questioned and some sociologists have advocated combining the two approaches, while others have advocated methods associated with critical social science or with postmodernism. (Haralambos & Holborn, 2008)

Postmodernists tend to reject the claims of traditional quantitative, qualitative and critical researchers that it is possible to discover some objective truth about the social world and instead believe all that can be done is examine the world from the viewpoint of the different actors within it and to take apart existing explanations of society. (Haralambos & Holborn, 2008)
The earliest attempt to use scientific, quantitative methods in sociology is known as positivism. The French writer Auguste Comte who was the first person to use the word ‘sociology’ and who coined the term ‘positive philosophy’ believed that society conformed to invariable laws in the same way that the physical world operates according to gravity and other the laws of nature; Comte was confident that scientific knowledge about society could be accumulated and used to improve human existence, so that society could be run rationally without religion or superstition getting in the way of progress. (Haralambos & Holborn, 2008).
Comte believed that the scientific study of society should be confined to collecting information that can be objectively observed and classified and argued that sociologists should not be concerned with the internal meanings, motives, feelings and emotions of individuals since they cannot be measured in an objective way due to the fact that these mental states exist only in the person’s consciousness. (Haralambos & Holborn, 2008)
Emile Durkheim agreed with Comte’s positivist view and believed sociologists should confine themselves to studying social facts; he argued ‘the first and most fundamental rule is: consider social facts as things’ (Durkheim, 1938, first published 1895). Although he followed the logic and methods of positivism, Durkheim did not believe that social facts consisted only of things that could be directly measured or observed. To Durkheim social facts included phenomena such as belief systems, customs and institutions of society; he saw them as existing over and above individual consciousness, believing they were not chosen by individuals nor could they be changed at will. (Haralambos & Holborn, 2008)
In Durkheim’s view society is not simply a collection of individuals each acting independently but instead viewed people to be directed by a collective conscience. Durkheim’s study of suicide is seen as a classic example of how detailed statistical analysis, involving the comparison of different societies, different groups within society and different time periods can be used to try to isolate the variables that cause a social phenomenon. (Haralambos & Holborn, 2008)...

Other Papers Like Evaluation of the Study of Sociology from the Enlightenment Through to the Writings of Durkheim, Marx and Weber

Enlightenment Of The 17th And 18th Centuries

1285 words - 6 pages opposition to the Church’s teachings on such matters. These pioneers paved the way for the philosophes of the Enlightenment to take things a step further, and question the Church’s teachings on matters of metaphysics, morality, and social ethics to name a few. This step away from supernatural and Church condoned explanations taken by those in the scientific revolution, carved a path for the philosophes to follow in their footsteps and question

The Development Of Harmony From Schumann Through Brahms To Debussy

1357 words - 6 pages The Development of Harmony from Schumann through Brahms to Debussy In studying three composers, Schumann, Brahms and Debussy, it is possible through analysis, to construct a Harmonic development through time - from early 1800's to early 1900's. I will go about deducing a harmonic timeline by individually looking at each composer then will conclude with a final comparison summarizing how different harmonic elements

Sociology Of The Simpsons

1490 words - 6 pages Sociology of the Simpsons The definition of what consitutes a “family“ has definatly changed over time. Usually, what constitutes making up a family is relative to a specific culture, but as always, there are exceptions to the rule. Ever since the golden age of television had sprung upon American culture, it has tried to mimic the "ideal" American family through it's programming. Even as early as the 1950's, television producers made

Comparing The Writings Of Harriet Beecher Stowe And Fredrick Douglass

1458 words - 6 pages shared every detail he could recall of the outrageous cruelties that he had both witnessed others go through and endured himself. Both Stowe and Douglass expressed their concern for those ignorant of the true meaning of slavery. In their writings, they both exhibit their frustration for people who call themselves Christian and continue to engage in slavery practices. Stowe brought to life the reality of the humanity of slaves, which may or

Lord of the Rings and Sociology

3147 words - 13 pages scene of the movie, the whole fellowship get reunited. Everyone's happy, bouncing around, realizing almost all of them are still alive. They all went through tough times together and separate. They all had to overcome personal battles, friendship altercations, and all around had to change their way of thinking to reach their goal. I highly recommend to watch this film/ trilogy. It's probably one of the greatest film series to be ever be created from

Literary Analysis Of The Enlightenment Period And Romanticism

1490 words - 6 pages Romantic poetry, whether it engrossed the idea of bequeathing human emotions to an innate article like a river or connecting the scenery to the temperament of the writer. (James, 491) This kind of beauty that is portrayed in the world may not actually exist; however, it is evoked from personal acuity and passion as seen through the eyes of the poet. When comparing The Enlightenment to Romanticism, there were two similar characteristics. First

Karl Marx And Marx Weber

1359 words - 6 pages Karl Marx and Marx Weber The latter part of the nineteenth century was teeming with evolved social and economical ideas. These views of the social structure of industrial society came about through the development of ideals taken from past revolutions such as the Industrial Revolution which steamed ahead paving the way for growing commerce, and

Marx and Weber

708 words - 3 pages Two great socialogists Karl Marx Max Weber had different view about stratification in the society.Weber's point of view has some differences and simmilarities to Marx's. Marx arques that any human society devided into of two combination of people or two classes that constantly oppose each. One class tend to be take dominant position over the other class. Marx said that these two classes have different relation to the industry

The Discrimination Of Women In The Workplace From The Viewpoint Of The Three Basic Theories Of Sociology

983 words - 4 pages reach equilibrium again.Another viewpoint is conflict theory, which stresses the competition between groups over limited resources. Conflict theorists believe that groups in power use their power to maintain their favorable position and to keep those without power from gaining so they will not jeopardize their position. From this point of view, the group in power (men) intentionally keeps women unequal in the workplace so that they will not

Analysis Of The Sociological Imagination And Its Use In Sociology

1583 words - 7 pages affects us as individuals can we ever hope to change society effectively.A classical approach to sociological imagination is understood has having the ability to recognise the relationship between history and biography within society. This is the basis of Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber. This focus generally sets out to answer three questions. What is the structure of a particular society as a whole? Where does this society

Mere Christianity: The Deep Pensive Writings of C.S. Lewis

533 words - 3 pages different essentials of Christianity and life. The style of the book has an informality that comes from its beginnings as a radio talk program. Throughout he makes you sure that whatever you believe, that religion accepted or rejected means something entirely and completely serious, that demands your utmost devotion of mind, body and soul.The conclusions that Lewis helps you come to are brought on through Lewis' clear and precise logical thought

Related Essays

Marx, Weber, Durkheim Essay

4049 words - 17 pages Marx, Durkheim and Weber on the Development of Modern Industrial Society Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber are the dominant classical voices when studying or analyzing the emergence of society from a more cooperative, collective feudal society to a modern capitalistic society. All three of these sociological philosophers contributed to the nature of society and social change. Each of them eventually surmised that the relationship

Emergence Of Sociology The Study Of Society Was Carried On In An Unscientific Manner And Society Had Never Been The Central Concern Of Any Science. It Is Through The Study Of Sociology That The Truly...

831 words - 4 pages social problems The present world is suffering from many problems which can be solved through scientific study of the society. It is the task of sociology to study the social problems through the methods of scientific research and to find out solution to them. The scientific study of human affairs will ultimately provide the body of knowledge and principles that will enable us to control the conditions of social life and improve them. Sociology has

The Hunger Games Through The Eyes Of Karl Marx

809 words - 4 pages Klarice Davis Josh Huber English 1000 September 2014 The Hunger Games through the Eyes of Karl Marx I grew up in a small town. Everyone knew your name and the reputation you held with it. If you had a well-regarded name in the town you had it all. Any sport you wanted to be on, you were on. Any club you wanted to participate in you were in (and probably the president too). Everything was easier for those who were ranked highly in the cast

A Bug’s Life Through The Lens Of Karl Marx

2123 words - 9 pages grasshoppers, Hopper demands the ants to produce twice as much food as they did before. As a result, the ants will not have enough food to store up for themselves. Filk then travels to recruit warrior bugs to help the ants fight off the grasshoppers. According to Marx, this would free the colony from the constant oppression of the grasshoppers. The major themes of the movie follow Marxian theory. The first relates to Hopper and how the