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Evaluation Of The Multi Store Model Essay

808 words - 4 pages

The multi-store of memory was proposed in 1968 by Atkinson & Shiffrin, it suggests that memory is a flow of information through a series of systems. There are three distinct stages of the system; sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. Information passes through each stage of the system in a linear fashion by maintenance rehearsal. Also, external stimuli, like hearing the headline for the day's news, first enters the sensory memory in an uncoded form where they are registered for a very minuscule period of time. It is not until we focus our attention on the object, for the information to be transferred to the short term memory. For example, we notice everything our eyes see, ...view middle of the document...

Working memory is supported by dual task studies (speaking and watching). It is easier to do two tasks at the same time if they use different processing systems (verbal and visual) than if they use the same slave system. For example, participants would find it hard to do two visual tasks at the same time because they would be competing for the use of the visuo-spatial sketchpad. However, a visual task and a verbal task would use different components and so could be performed with minimum errors. Another advantage to the MSM is that it makes a distinguished difference between long term and short term stores of information, which means that each of the stores operate differently in terms of capacity, duration and encoding. For example, there was a man who suffered from severe epileptic seizures and had an operation to detach the left hemisphere of the brain from the right, after the operation, he was able to remember lots of long term things, because he has already transferred them to his LTM through elaborative rehearsal, but separating the two stores of memory means that he is unable to process things into his LTM anymore. This is evidence that the multi-store model was correct to separate LTM from STM. The layout of the Multi-Store Model has also paved the pathway to other, more substantial,...

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