Evaluation Of Cultural Health Beliefs Essay

1156 words - 5 pages

Evaluation of Cultural Health Beliefs: Health Traditions in the Chines, Hispanic, and American Cultures
Modern day American nurses, require cultural competencies in order to provide care to the diverse population in the United States. This population of nurses provide medical care to patients who are from all areas of the earth. There are distinct cultural differences in health traditions. The three areas of health traditions that an RN must assess are, health maintenance, health protection, and health restoration. As an RN assesses these three factors, an understanding of the patient’s health will become apparent. Another useful tool that an RN can utilize, is a heritage assessment ...view middle of the document...

The Chines people practice a method of yin and yang that maintains health by dietary principles (A. Chen, personal communication, June 2013). The American heritage practices health maintenance by doing what is recommended by the general practitioner, such as exercise, healthy diet, and routine follow-ups (Vaughn, Jacquez, & Baker, 2009). Americans maintain health by eating well, exercising, and getting routine medical exams (S. Parker, personal communication, June 19, 2013).
For the Hispanic heritage, health protection is similar to that of health maintenance. The Hispanic culture practices spiritual cleanings that are thought to protect the health of an individual (Tran & Garcia, 2009). By maintaining strong spirituality and following religious rituals, the Hispanic culture believes this will protect an individual’s health (F. Buenrostro, personal communication, June 20, 2013). Chinese medicine pays attention to the whole and individual parts of the body. If equilibrium is achieved in life, body, mind, intellect/soul, health will be protected (Zhang, Sun, Wang, Ham, & Wang, 2012). The Chinese culture protects health by increasing physical fitness, post-pones the aging process, and by spiritual toning (A. Chen, personal communication, June 20, 2013). The American culture protects health by taking vitamins/supplements, practicing good hygiene, and by individual research of health topics (S. Parker, personal communication, June 19, 2013).
The last comparison of these cultures, relates to beliefs and practices of health restoration. The Hispanic heritage relies heavily on home remedies, advice/care from family members, and will only seek professional health care if there is a symptom of pain or physical impairment (Borrayo & Jenkins, 2003). When a health problem arises, Hispanic people rely on home remedies, herbal remedies, and use the advice of family members, to improve the health of the affected person (F. Buenrostro, personal communication, June 20, 2013). The Chinese culture believe that a body can become healthy again with spiritual attainment (Gale & Gorman-Yao, 2003). Chinese people believe that when an illness occurs, it can be cured with spiritual renewal, acupuncture, herbal treatments, and diet therapies (A. Chen, personal communication, June 20, 2013). As for the American culture and health restoration, there are different practices. Americans restore health with the use of over-the-counter medicines, resting, and seeking professional medical care (S. Parker, personal communication, June 19, 2013).
The American heritage is consistent with that of the author of this paper. The author practices and believes the listed treatments and therapies that have been listed for the American culture. The most common health traditions in general, for the American culture are, seeking treatment...

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