Evaluate The Extent To Which Freud’s Theory Of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us To Understand A Client’s Presenting Issue?

2999 words - 12 pages

Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue?
(Word count 2,749 excluding bibliography, references)
Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is based on the idea that parents play a pivotal role in the sexual and aggressive drives that form in the early years of their child’s development. Freud (Freud & Philips 2006) proposed that psychological development in childhood takes place in a series of fixed stages - psychosexual stages.
Each stage represents the fixation on a different area of the body and as a person grows physically, certain areas of their body become important as sources of ...view middle of the document...

Each of the psychosexual stages is associated with a particular conflict that must be resolved before the individual can successfully advance to the next stage (McLeod 2008). The amount of sexual energy that the individual exerts during a stage and how successful they are at moving through a stage can result in frustration, overindulgence and fixation.
Fixation according to McLeod (2008) refers to the notion that a portion of the individual's libido has been permanently 'invested' in a particular stage of his development and thus each person will behave in some ways that are characteristic of infancy, or early childhood. This may manifest itself in traits such as aggression or dependency.
This investment of libido may be because the needs of the individual at any particular stage may not have been adequately met in which case there is ‘frustration’ (McLeod 2008). Or possibly the person's needs may have been so well satisfied that he/she is reluctant to leave the psychological benefits of a particular stage in which there is ‘overindulgence’.
During the oral stage, which is generally taken to cover the first twelve to eighteen months of development, the infant gets much satisfaction from putting all sorts of things in its mouth, beginning with the mother’s breast, to satisfy the libido, and thus its id demands, which at this stage in life are oral, or mouth orientated, such as sucking and biting. The ‘id’ being the need to satisfy basic human needs, referred to Freud (1920) as the ‘pleasure principle’ in that we will always seek those things that are pleasurable to us. Communication at this stage of life tends to focus on crying to express the need for satisfaction; feeding, changing, contact. As part of the weaning process the child may be given a ‘dummy’ or ‘pacifier’ to simulate the mother’s breast satisfying and reinforcing the oral id demand.
Freud said oral stimulation could lead to an oral fixation in later life (Freud & Philips 2006). We see oral personalities all around us such as smokers, nail-biters, finger-chewers, and thumb suckers. Oral personalities engage in such behaviours particularly when under stress.
During the Anal stage, up to the age of three, the libido becomes focused on the anus and the child derives great pleasure from defecating (McLeod 2008). Freud believes the child is now fully aware that they are a person in their own right and that their wishes can bring them into conflict with the demands of the outside world and that their ego has developed (Freud & Philips 2006).Where ‘ego’ is 'that part of the id which has been modified by the direct influence of the external world' (Freud 1923). The ego operates according to the ‘reality principle’ (Freud 1923), working out realistic ways of satisfying the id’s demands, often moderating satisfaction to avoid any negative consequences of conflicting with society (McLeod 2008).
Freud believed that this type of conflict tends to come to a head in potty...

Other Papers Like Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client’s Presenting Issue?

‘Choose a Destination (It Can Be Anything from a Single Resort, to an Entire Country), Describe the Economic, Cultural and Environmental Impacts Caused by Tourist Development There and Judge the...

3386 words - 14 pages The tourism industry has developed into one of the most powerful industries in the world. The impacts of tourism development growth can produce both benefits and costs to the host nation. In order to eliminate the negativities caused by tourism, and provide a more sustainable future for the ever-expanding industry, Government’s need to be actively involved throughout. However, the extent of their involvement is disputed. The Government’s of such

How Does Sociology Help Us to Understand 'Class' as an Important Social Phenomenon?

744 words - 3 pages How does sociology help us to understand 'class' as an important social phenomenon? Sociology emerged in the nineteenth century as an attempt to understand the transition from traditional to modern society.  Many argue that class is no longer important as a social phenomenon as an individual’s identity are based more on status and cultural factors such as lifestyle, values, intelligence, education. Others argue that class is still a central

What Rotc Can Do to Help in the Peace and Development Efforts

1243 words - 5 pages SPEECH MANUSCRIPT OF C/CPT AMADEUZ VINCENT JOHN R CELESTIAL FOR THE 2010 REGIONAL ROTC SPEECH CONTEST Theme: “ROTC: How can it help in peace and development effort?” Ladies and Gentlemen good afternoon. I am not here to brag about what our government, what any administration or what our Armed Forces has done, so far, to achieve peace and development in the country. I would not throw you any unnecessary info nor will I be presenting to

How Can the Different Ways of Knowing Help Us to Distinguish Between Something That Is True and Something That Is Believed to Be True?

1530 words - 7 pages one. However if they do not get in, they become angry and have a negative attitude. One’s views and their beliefs can be compromised by small and trivial things and they can stand firmly by these beliefs because their emotion is so strong. Emotions can help one stick to a belief. The stronger the emotion is, the more likely you will be attached to it. Emotions can also dictate the extent to which someone will believe someone else. For example

Examine The Extent To Which Religion Can Still Be Said To Be Functional For Individuals And Society

1300 words - 6 pages Examine the extent to which religion can still be said to be functional for individuals and for society (18 marks) Functionalists define religion as promoting social solidarity and integration. This can be described using the biological analogy- each segment of society performs a function, this maintains an equilibrium, without which society would disintegrate. Functionalists see religion as contributing positively to society, as it performs

Describe and Evaluate the Gender Schema Theory of Gender Development

1068 words - 5 pages . Gender is an issue which many people have strong feelings about therefore researchers need to be aware of the different viewpoints. This is an important study as it shows that there is an effect on children’s schemas from their parents’, however due to this being the only study and not a very high correlation, it may be difficult to generalise. Overall, although the gender schema theory may be successful in explaining the rigidity of gender

The Perception of ‘No Time’ in Our Hectic Lives in Most Contemporary Societies Is Affecting the Relationship Between Family Members Within a Household. Design Can Create New Experiences to Help Us...

2074 words - 9 pages Food and eating practices are essential in everyday life, as we must eat in order to survive. When putting food and eating into theory, sociologist analyses food system in terms of their symbolic properties and the definition of their social relationship and process, which define them. According to Khare, socio-anthropological perspective on food can be analyses in three approaches: ‘food as a sociocultural context for illustrating the logic

Seismic And Volcanic Events Are Major Pieces Of Evidence Towards Proving That Plate Tectonic Theory Is Valid. Discuss The Extent To Which You Agree With This View. (40)

981 words - 4 pages pressure to build up which is released in sudden jolts. This can only occur at plate boundaries, so areas that lie on them experience the most frequent and intense earthquakes. The fact that earthquakes appear in connected lines as opposed to clusters is good evidence for the theory of global plate tectonics. Volcanoes can also provide good evidence for the theory of plate tectonics. Plotting the locations of active volcanoes on a map of the world

Seismic and Volcanic Events Are Major Pieces of Evidence Towards Proving That Plate Tectonic Theory Is Valid. Discuss the Extent to Which You Agree with This View. (40)

975 words - 4 pages activity can also tell us a great deal about plate tectonics. By plotting the locations of large earthquakes on a map of the world we can see where they most frequently occur. Earthquakes are caused by the movement of tectonic plates; as they move past each other the friction causes pressure to build up which is released in sudden jolts. This can only occur at plate boundaries, so areas that lie on them experience the most frequent and intense

“Describe and Evaluate Carl Jung's Theory Concerning Personality Types and Show How They Might Usefully Help a Therapist to Determine Therapeutic Goals”

2925 words - 12 pages traits such as the ones investigated by Cat tell Thus for example, sociability and implausibility are 2 of the traits forming part of introversion - extraversion. (ref Michael W Eysenck 1998 p.54). The descriptive theory which identifies the major factors or dimensions of personality is very successful. It's probably true to say that extraversion and neuroticism (and to a lesser extent pschoticism) are the most important factors of

"Describe and Evaluate Carl Jung's Theory Concerning Personality Types and Show How They Might Usefully Help a Therapist to Determine Theraputic Goals"

2173 words - 9 pages though to state that our personality has the ability to change and adapt. This is especially true as we get older. Its also true that with modern medicine it is easy to change certain aspects of a person personality. Conclusion To conclude this essay I would say that Carl Jung's theory of personality has shaped the psychological world today. Carl Jung created this structure to help us better understand our own psyche. Its clear that a person does

Related Essays

Title “Evaluate The Extent To Which Freud’s Theory Of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us To Understand A Client’s Presenting Issue?”

2646 words - 11 pages Essay Title “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue?” Introduction In this essay it is my aim to show my understanding of Freud’s psychosexual stages and if they are a valuable tool in helping to understand a client’s presenting issue and adult neurotic behaviour. I will discuss his theory of the effects that these unresolved conflicts and fixations

Evaluate The Extent To Which Freud’s Theory Of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us To Understand A Client’s Presenting Issue?

2708 words - 11 pages Year 2 - Psychotherapeutic Counselling - Module 2 – written assignment: “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue?” Word count: 2650 (excluding any appendices) Please Note the use of the following abbreviations for clarity: Version date: 06-03-2015 Abstract: The objective of this essay is to evaluate this aspect of Freudian theory, however in

“Evaluate The Extent To Which Freuds Theory Of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us Understand A Clients Presenting Issue”

3515 words - 15 pages “Evaluate the extent to which Freuds theory of Psychosexual development can help us understand a clients presenting issue” In this essay I shall describe Freud’s psychosexual theory in detail, outlining and demonstrating an understanding on how it relates to adult neurotic behaviour. In order to evaluate this title, I shall investigate and highlight the main criticisms against Freud and his theory and research the pros and cons of this

Summarise The Main Points Of Your Chosen Reading And Evaluate, With Reference To Other Material In The Module You Have Engaged With To Date, The Extent To Which It Helps You Understand How To Identify...

1635 words - 7 pages TMA01 Summarise the main points of your chosen reading and evaluate, with reference to other material in the module you have engaged with to date, the extent to which it helps you understand how to identify creativity in everyday language. Introduction In literary terms creativity is the use and manipulation of language. It exists in a variety of literary and communication practices. Noam Chomsky refers to creativity as being ‘a speaker