Eugenics: Health Benefits And The Future

2771 words - 12 pages

Eugenics: Health Benefits 1

Running Head: EUGENICS: HEALTH BENEFITS AND THE FUTURE

Eugenics: Health Benefits and the Future

Abstract
The study of eugenics is propelling the world quickly into the future. Eugenics is the study of genetically engineering enhanced humans. This genetic engineering is done through modification of certain traits on an embryonic level, to create a heritable trait. Once modified, these traits will be passed on to the offspring of this individual, as well as demonstrated in that particular individual. The traits that can be modified are as simple as hair color, eye color, skin color, ability to grow muscle mass, body build, ...view middle of the document...

The first step was decoding the human genome. This was easier said than done, as the government's scientific groups were working on the Human Genome Project for thirteen years before determining what the specific genes that encode for a human being were (U.S. Department of Energy, 2005).
After the human genome's blueprints/genetic-map were coming into light, scientists began to be able to determine what certain sections of a person's genetics, a small portion of a "gene" or single chromosome, coded for particular facets of a human. Some genes had code in them for certain diseases and needed only one "allele," section of a gene, to cause the disease. Other diseases required multiple alleles to be present in the genetic makeup to cause the disease. For example, if there is only one out of four alleles in a set of one's genes, that individual does not have the disease.
The same applies to traits demonstrated in humans. Eye color, for example, requires more than one allele present to determine what is seen outwardly (Raven, 2007). After the understanding of our genes and alleles came into play, scientists began to practice modifying these genes. The process of creating recombinant DNA became the most popular method of gene modification. Recombinant DNA is, most simply, a way of describing the insertion of particular gene segments and alleles into an already existing gene. Once this new segment of gene is inserted, the gene (DNA) is considered recombinant. Since DNA makes up the genetic code for all proteins within an organism, recombination can be used to modify the protein's output by DNA. Usually recombination occurs by taking the desired additional DNA and placing it into a bacterium, which is subsequently duplicated due to the high rate of replication in bacteria, therefore making the bacterium a production center for whichever desired trait. This could be applied to replicate specific medications (i.e. insulin for control of diabetes) (Pfizer, 2007). The possibilities for genetic recombination have not been touched scientifically at this point.
As it stands today, germline (embryonic cell) engineering of the human genome is not performed on more than an experimental level and research indicating such experiments is not publicly released. A slight offshoot that has been in use since the 1990's is gene therapy. Very similar to germline engineering, gene therapy takes the affected allele of a disease and replaces it with a non-mutated, functional allele (Bushman, 2007). This has been successfully put to use in very few cases as of today. However, much like germline engineering, gene therapy most frequently utilizes viruses and bacteria to implement the changes to the human genome with the affected allele of the gene. Dissimilar to germline engineering, however, is that the changes are made to the human genome only in the genes that demonstrate the virus. What this translates to is a cure for this particular individual, but...

Other Papers Like Eugenics: Health Benefits And The Future

Assessing the Company's Future Financial Health

5458 words - 22 pages 9 -9 1 1 -4 1 2 REV: MAY 28, 2012 Assessing a Company’s Future Financial Health Assessing the long-term financial health of a company is an important task for management as it formulates goals and strategies and for outsiders as they consider the extension of credit, long-term supplier agreements, or an investment in a company’s equity. History abounds with examples of companies that embarked on overly ambitious programs and subsequently

Discuss the Factors Likely to Influence Current and Future Patterns of Health in the Uk

2866 words - 12 pages M2: Discuss the factors likely to influence current and future patterns of health in the UK D1: Evaluate the influence of government on factors that contribute to the current patterns of health and illness in the UK There are many factors that are likely to influence current and future patterns of health in the UK. I will be discussing binge drinking particularly in teenagers and obesity issues in the UK. This is because I believe that the

The Benefits and Risk

1662 words - 7 pages The benefits and Risk of E-Commerce Benefits ADVANTAGES. Global market place. The main benefit of globalization is that it lets you reach a lot more customers. As long as there is demand in an overseas market for a product or service your business offers, there is a customer base. A product that sells successfully at home will often do well in international markets, says Wesley Johnston, a marketing professor at Georgia State University

Genetics and the Future

1064 words - 5 pages Rows upon rows of “perfect” people walk in straight lines. All have the same hair, eye, and skin color. They all resemble each other. The environment around them is lifeless; the lack of trees and living animals is awkwardly noticeable. Overhead a flying automobile soars past and swerves around enormous skyscrapers. All this was accomplished through both science and technology. Is this a farfetched notion of the future? Can science and

Nursing: Benefits and Challenges of Electronic Health Records

1146 words - 5 pages Nursing: Benefits and Challenges of Electronic Health Records Abstract The Informatics Nurse plays a vital role in training and educating healthcare professionals as they move from paper charting to employing an electronic health record system. According to Zandieh et al., (2008, p. 758) research demonstrates that one of the biggest challenges for moving from paper-based systems to EHR is the perceived skills of staff and their comfort

Health Spending and Its Effects on Future Managers

1020 words - 5 pages Health Spending and its Effects on Future Health Care Managers The United States spends more on healthcare than then any other country in the world. In 2012 the United States spent an average of $8,915 per person on health care, totaling $2.8 trillion. Unfortunately, spending will continue to trend upwards due to a number of key factors. According to Kaiser Health News staff writer, Mary Carey, “national health spending will increase modestly

The Inner World of a Future Mental Health Counselor

2870 words - 12 pages 1 The Inner World of a Future Mental Health Counselor 2 Welcome, you are about to embark on a journey into my inner world. Along the way, you will discover the following: (1) what in my background helps me to think through and identify what is right and wrong, as well as what

The Past Present and Future

2875 words - 12 pages focus on what his future brings which he hopes is a shot to be a professional athlete. It has been Jamar’s life-long dream to play in the NBA and support his mom. Jamar is likely to be overlooked by many NBA executives in favor of bigger collegiate programs. Jamar is used to the feeling. “We gotta work for everything down here at the mid major level,” Jamar said. “Nothing is given to us.” Tinkle said as great as Jamar has played, he still has

Group Insurance And Welfare Law - HRM 425: Benefits, Safety, And Health

809 words - 4 pages industry to provide protection for individuals in these plans. (U.S. Department of Labor) ERISA also covers multiple employer welfare arrangements (MEWA). MEWA promotes ways for marketing health and benefits to employers for the individuals working for them. In short, ERISA'S main purpose was to protect those who had worked long periods of time under pension plans.The impact of ERISA on employers was brought forth to address fraud and mismanagement

The Importance and Benefits of School Uniforms

807 words - 4 pages The Importance and Benefits of School Uniforms Maria Del Carmen Flores Eng/147(BSAM1JQKU6) March 28, 2016 Becky Sutton The Importance and Benefits of School Uniforms The first reason for school uniforms can help save a lot of money in parents’ pocket. According to "School Uniforms Don’t Have to Cost So Much" (2013), (The annual cost for school uniform for parents is $249.00. According to "Back-To-School Shopping Costs: How Much Parents

The Marginal Benefits and Marginal Cost

1517 words - 7 pages Economic Concepts Worksheet Concept Application of Concept from Personal Experience Reference to Concept in Reading Marginal Analysis encompasses two key elements: • Marginal Benefits • Marginal Cost Marginal analysis takes into account the costs and benefits associated with a choice. Determining if the costs outweigh the benefits (or vice-versa) assists in making decisions. Marginal analysis was chosen because it is a diagnostic

Related Essays

The Health Benefits Of Exercise Essay

988 words - 4 pages Lack of exercise is the cause of most health-related issues today. Americans are becoming ill every second from lack of exercise, yet nothing is being done to prevent these diseases. Diet plans and exercise programs are advertised in every corner, yet they are ignored. Many disorders and diseases are preventable, and even curable without the aid of modern technology. Regardless, the illnesses are at an all time high and show no sign of

Learning Disability, Eugenics And The Social Model Approach

1864 words - 8 pages slavery (Quo Vadis, 2001). The terms ‘idiocy’ and ‘lunacy’ (used to describe those with learning disabilities or mental health problems) can be traced back to a 13th century legal doctrine, which dealt with the issues of property and title inheritance. ‘ this…doctrine distinguished those who were unfit to inherit because of supposedly innate mental incapacity from those who could be temporarily deprived of their inheritance while they were

Health Care Information Technology Benefits And Problems

974 words - 4 pages Health Care Information Technology Benefits and Problems By Bryan Chadwick Health Care Information Technology, what is it? How does it benefit us? What are some of the problems with it? These are questions that need to be answered. Health Care IT the communications between information science, computer science and health care. According to Forbes we as a nation spent $2.8 trillion on healthcare in 2012 (Pearl, 2013), that is around 18% of

The Health Benefits Of Drinking Tea

2385 words - 10 pages carefully timed process that determines color, flavor and strength of tea. When complete, oxidization is stopped by hot air drying . With green tea, leaves are steamed or fried, rolled and dried. Steaming the leaves before drying prevents the breakdown of catechins and preserves the green leaf color. Catechins are anti-oxidants associated with the health benefits of tea. In black tea the leaves oxidize for two to four hours before processing, this