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Eugenics Essay

1036 words - 5 pages

By definiton, eugenics is "the science of improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics." Miriam Webster dictionary. Eugenics came to exist back in Nazi Germany and was majorly developed by one Francis Galton. The idea was to create a "superior race" known as the Aryan race. The Aryan race had very set specifications, blonde hair, blue eyes and fair skin.
During that time, eugenics was mainly achived by selective breeding, meaning that individuals would reproduce with other individuals who fufilled the Aryan requirements. Today, in the 21st century, eugenics is more scientific. In 2003, scientists finished mapping out ...view middle of the document...

The group wanted to have the option for deaf parents to choose to have a deaf baby, claiming that "if hearing parents are able to choose to have a hearing baby, deaf parents should be allowed to choose to have deaf babies." This caused major up roar from people who thought that parents should not be able to inflict disabilities on children. Another ethical issue that is causing controversy is creating "savior siblings" for children who are sick. The premis of a savior sibling is to create a perfect donor for the sick child. These children are being used to provide their siblings with anything from blood and bone marrow to organs such as kidneys. By subjecting these children to many invasive procedures from birth, if a parents chooses to use the child's stem cells from their cord blood, the child can develop complications and limitations in their life such as not having the ability to play sports, get a piercing or have kids depending on the procedures that child had to endure.
Though scientists claim to have a 99.9% accuracy rate at identifying and predicting the genes and their outcomes, there is still a chance that something can go wrong and the baby will still be born with a defect. The possibility of something being missed in the screening process is also a risk that prospective parents take when "designing" a baby.
There is concern globally with designer babies due to some developed countries such as China where it is not desirable to have a female baby. With the technology of eugenics, it could be possible to have a major and noticable gender inbalance amoung children. The longer parents choose to have a male child instead of a female, the less females there will be born in any given year and eventually a generation leading to the race dwindling and possibly phasing out if parents were permitted to continue. Though this is unlikley, some ethical and feminist groups see this as a potential issue in the future.
An issue that is brought up by pro-life organizations is the destruction of unwanted embryos. These organizations claim...

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