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Ethics In Medicine Essay

1224 words - 5 pages

Ethics in Medicine
Galen College of Nursing

Ethics in Medicine
Eugenics
1. The purpose of Eugenics was to eradicate inferior people that were deemed to be “un-fit” in society all in the attempt to develop a perfect world full of perfect people.
2. Eugenics was most popular during the years between 1930s and 1940s.
3. (A) Eugenicide was practiced using gas chambers, sterilization, forced segregations, and by restricting marriages. (B) Groups targeted included Jews, Blacks, women, poor people basically anyone that was inferior and serve no purpose in their eyes. (C) No.
4. No.
5. It was practiced in Germany by Hitler. People were taken from old age homes, mental institutions were ...view middle of the document...

The situation in this case involves parents fighting for the right of their daughter to be taken off mechanical support and to die with dignity.
2. This case begins in 1975 and ended in 1976, with the father Joseph, being appointed guardianship by the Supreme Court. Karen was weaned from the ventilator and lived 9 more years until her demise in 1985 from pneumonia.
3. Ultimately, the decision making authority belongs to the court if an incapacitated person does not have a Will or Durable Power of Attorney.

Wendell Johnson: The Stuttering Doctor’s Monster Study
1. No, it was unethical.
2. Yes, children that had not stuttered prior to the experiment became stutters, children that originally stuttered, the stuttering worsened.
3. 22 orphaned boys and girls.
4. No, it is not ethical to exploit people for the greater good of many people.
Nuremburg Code
1. August 19, 1947.
2. 1. The need to have the voluntary consent of the human subject.
2. The experiment should yield useful, obtainable, and necessary results for the good of society.
3. The experiment should be so designed and based on the results of animal experimentation and a knowledge of the natural history of the disease or other problem under study that the anticipated results will justify the performance of the experiment.
4. The experiment should be so conducted as to avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury.
5. No experiment should be conducted where there is an a priori reason to believe that death or disabling injury will occur; except, perhaps, in those experiments where the experimental physicians also serve as subjects.
6. The degree of risk to be taken should never exceed that determined by the humanitarian importance of the problem to be solved by the experiment.
7. Proper preparations should be made and adequate facilities provided to protect the experimental subject against even remote possibilities of injury, disability, or death.
8. The experiment should be conducted only by scientifically qualified persons. The highest degree of skill and care should be required through all stages of the experiment of those who conduct or engage in the experiment.
9. During the course of the experiment the human subject should be at liberty to bring the experiment to an end if he has reached the physical or mental state where continuation of the experiment seems to him to be impossible.
10. During the course of the experiment the scientist in charge must be prepared to terminate the experiment at any stage, if he has probably cause to believe, in the exercise of the good faith, superior skill and careful...

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