Society impacts the ethical views a person begins to create in today’s world. For instance, lying, today is still considered a morally wrong action to utilize however; a “little white lie” has never hurt anyone or so it is said. These contemplating views express different forms of actually claiming an action as morally and virtuously wrong. Deontological theories, utilitarianism, and the virtue theory share the quality of viewing a common action or a form of character as virtuous or a vice.
Deontological ethics follow moral obligation. The goal is to make sure an action or a characters way of being is followed under a moral rule or even a command. For example, as a child lying was never acceptable. Every time someone told, a lie there would be a punishment and the child guilty conscious, which followed suit. Morally, lying is an ...view middle of the document...
Again, relating the example of lying, in most cultures honesty is above dishonesty and those who govern or spread that culture expect people to teach and demonstrate such action to those around them. Ethically, they are praising their moral values and basing all actions done on those characteristics, which describe their views. Morally, the virtue theory also expands to a teaching ground. The fact they place their values above anything else shows they treasure these features, demonstrates these views are taught from a very early age.
Meanwhile, utilitarianism accounts for pleasing the maximum number of people. An action is right if it maximizes the happiness of not only the person creating the action, but also the people being affected by the action. Compared to the virtue theory, utilitarianism similarly judges a person based on the characteristics they employ. The hedonistic utilitarian focuses on the consequences of an action rather than the actual motive of such action. Morally, this is acting in good behavior. The person places the interests of others over theirs and tries to employ an altruistic act. They plan to minimize the pain of the action they do and maximize the amount of joy they can in the affected area.
In the end, all three of these ethical principles show different judgments. Deontological and virtuous ethics value a moral obligation and are necessary for human prospering. Utilitarianism values using the most out of what a person essentially has and affecting a majority rather than just one person. All in all, as society continues to change virtues and moral values begin to change so one moment there is a pillar on a certain action the next that pillar is no longer necessary because it no longer has a meaning to society.
Treviño, L. K. & Nelson, K. A. (2011). Managing business ethics: Straight talk about how to do it right (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.