October 18, 2013
We are attempting to compare and contrast of the virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Each theory will reveal a common thread; however all possess distinct differences in explaining morality. To wrap things up a personal experience that displays related virtue, values, and moral concepts ties in to one of the theories.
Ethics and Morality
Morality simply put, is solely pertaining to make the appropriate decision, whereas ethics is a proper, logical way of thinking to arrive at a certain decision Ethics also places more emphasis on character of a person the possess the capacity, to accurately judge situation and apply rules accordingly.
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Say that actions can be deemed appropriate if the outcome benefits the majority (Boylan, 2009, p.154). This theory also argues human will take precautionary measures to reduce pain and equally display same effort to achieve pleasure (Boylan, 2009, p.154). Ester showed this very behavior when she went King Xerxes to plead for the lives of the people even if it meant her own life Ester 5:7-8 (New International Version)
Deontology speaks to rightness being determined by proper actions and not so much how good the end result. According to Boylan (2009), Kant wanted to measure humans actions of right and wrong by viewing intent, reason, and how act was committed (p.176)
The story of how Moses really speaks to Deontology because of how it occurred. Moses
“After looking in all directions to make sure no one was watching, Moses killed the Egyptian and hid the body in the sand.” Exodus 2:12(English Standard Version). It was not right to kill, but because he saw mistreatment, he took justice into his own hands to stand protect another.
Each theory reveals that they all deal with critical decisions and morality however all display application based on situations. The scales of virtue, values and moral concepts vary, In Moses case he ended up satisfying what was correct it his eyes. He watched his Hebrew people experience hard labor as slaves, and later was raised up to lead a mass exodus. Exodus 14 New International Version)
Boylan, M. (2009). Basic Ethics (2nd ed.). Retrieved from https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/content/eBookLibrary2/content/TOC.aspx?assetid=b2f6d772-8341-4119-bf3a-c1a83881eaff&assetmetaid=703e4382-e5ab-4b75-8d87-3a228b42f03b