This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ethics Essay

1326 words - 6 pages

Mill's Utilitarianism: Sacrifice the innocent for the common good?

When faced with a moral dilemma, utilitarianism identifies the

appropriate considerations, but offers no realistic way to gather the

necessary information to make the required calculations. This lack of

information is a problem both in evaluating the welfare issues and in

evaluating the consequentialist issues which utilitarianism requires be

weighed when making moral decisions. Utilitarianism attempts to solve

both of these difficulties by appealing to experience; however, no

method of reconciling an individual decision with the rules of

experience is suggested, and no relative weights are assigned ...view middle of the document...

The probability also does not hold for Mill's

Mill's Utilitarianism insists on qualitative utilitarianism, which

requires that one consider not only the amount of pain or pleasure, but

also the quality of such pain and pleasure. Mill suggests that to

distinguish between different pains and pleasures we should ask people

who have experienced both types which is more pleasurable or more

painful. This solution does not work for the question of torture

compared to death in an explosion. There is no one who has experienced

both, therefore, there is no one who can be consulted. Even if we agree that the pain caused by the number of deaths in the

explosion is greater than the pain of the terrorist being tortured, this

assessment only accounts for the welfare half of the utilitarian's

considerations. Furthermore, one has no way to measure how much more

pain is caused by allowing the bomb to explode than by torturing the

terrorist. After settling the issues surrounding the welfare, a utilitarian must

also consider the consequences of an action. In weighing the

consequences, there are two important considerations. The first, which

is especially important to objectivist Utilitarianism, is which people

will be killed. The second is the precedent which will be set by the

action. Unfortunately for the decision maker, the information necessary

to make either of these calculations is unavailable.

There is no way to determine which people will be killed and weigh

whether their deaths would be good for society. Utilitarianism requires

that one compare the good that the people would do for society with the

harm they would do society if they were not killed. For example, if a

young Adolf Hitler were in the building, it might do more good for

society to allow the building to explode. Unfortunately for an

individual attempting to use utilitarianism to make for decisions, there

is no way to know beforehand what a person will do. Furthermore, without

even knowing which building the bomb is in, there is no way to predict

which people will surely be in the building.

A subjectivist utilitarian would dismiss this consideration and would

examine only what a rational person would consider to be the

consequence; however, even the subjectivist utilitarian must face the

question of precedent setting. Utilitarianism considers justice and

humane treatment to be good for society as a whole and therefore

instrumentally good as a means to promoting happiness.

Utilitarianism considers precedent to be important, but does not offer

any method of determining exceptions. It is impossible to determine how

much effect on precedent any given isolated action will have. In the

case of determining whether or not to torture the terrorist, one must

consider whether it is good for society to allow torture to be used as a

method of gaining information. If it is bad, one...

Other Papers Like Ethics

Ethics Essay

2466 words - 10 pages 1. Professional Code of Ethics (Page 13, third paragraph): Every discipline has its own set of rules and regulations that need to be followed if one practices it. These are known as professional codes of ethics. These codes provide its professionals with the guidelines that must be followed in order to remain loyal and ethical with the respective profession. If one violates any of the stated codes, he/she may face serious penalty and can even

Ethics Essay

1594 words - 7 pages firearm customers will use these weapons for illegal activities. We cannot say that Bass Pro Shops is unethical by selling these products although some might argue that they are. It is not the business that is unethical in this scenario it is the consumer who misuses the product who is unethical. I have been in the work force for many years now and I have developed a different set of ethics for business than I have in my personal life and where as I

Ethics

1192 words - 5 pages Aleksandra Ribaka Operational activities Definition of business ethics – business ethics play a big role today as ethics means what right and wrong. Not only do businesses today need to follow the law but they need to do something beyond following the law businesses should do extra in any way that they can. This helps businesses get good reputation and also their customers trust. All businesses should have their own ethical values and

Ethics - 1179 words

1179 words - 5 pages Ethics Case Study Michelle Wright HCS 335 January 13, 2014 Holly Martinez de Andino Ethics Case Study Ethics refers to the values of manners in which a person finds out the finest way of action to take

Ethics - 2999 words

2999 words - 12 pages Cisco Systems, a technology firm with more than 60,000 employees worldwide, has emphasized ethics in interesting ways. Until a few years ago, Cisco did ethics training and enforcement like many other firms by using organization-required sessions and procedures. However, Cisco now uses a constantly available ethics program through its firm communications, Internet, and even television programs similar to American Idol. To conduct its ethics

Ethics - 802 words

802 words - 4 pages personal experience after having read thru all the codes of ethics seem like I live by, “I have an Obligation to my fellow members and I shall uphold the high ideals of AITP as outlined in its Association bylaws and I shall cooperate with my fellow members, treat them with honesty and respect”. I would have gone about this case study very differently from the start. Derek thought of implementing the software he helped develop for simplifying his

Ethics - 1633 words

1633 words - 7 pages Ethics Paper The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) were signed into law by President Bill Clinton in August 1996. (Physicians Billing Associates International, 2006). Bill Clinton decided to sign this law to protect the right and privacy of the patients. Before 1996 there were many issues that has risen the concerning of patient privacy. The HIPPA Act includes “Health insurance portability, fraud and abuse control, tax

Ethics - 2099 words

2099 words - 9 pages BANKING AND FINANCE ETHICS IN THE FIELD OF CORPORATE POLICIES Corporate Ethics The broad area dealing with the way in which a company behaves towards, and conducts business with, its internal and external stakeholders, including employees, investors, creditors, customers, and regulators. In certain national systems minimum standards are required or recommended in order to eliminate potential conflicts of interest or client/employee

Ethics - 1220 words

1220 words - 5 pages Ethics In the healthcare profession management and employees have developed policies and procedures to help the general staff understand their role and what they are able to do according to their job description. Each hospital develops their own policies and procedures according to their needs always staying within the law. These policies and procedures help to work through ethical problems or dilemmas that a healthcare professional encounter

Ethics - 5512 words

5512 words - 23 pages Ethics: Behavior, Sustainability and Social Responsibility 2 August 2013 Abstract Though there are business leaders and philosophers that object to the belief or need of exhausting time, money or resources for the welfare of its people, be it consumers or employees, data indicates that those who do recognize their noblesse oblige will prosper (BP, pg 149). Practicing ethical business operations has been a talked about subject since the

Ethics - 4350 words

4350 words - 18 pages Chapter 7 Managing for Ethical Conduct Contents: (Please note: the Instructor Guide for every chapter will follow this structure.) 1. Chapter Outline 2. Teaching Notes 3. In-Class Exercises 4. Homework Assignments 5. Additional Resources Chapter Outline I. Introduction II. In Business, Ethics Is about Behavior A. Practical Advice for Managers: Ethical Behavior III. Our Multiple Ethical

Related Essays

Ethics Essay 566 Words

566 words - 3 pages Ethics and Social Responsibility in Strategic Planning Corporations when faced with difficult decisions have to keep in mind that the decisions that need making not only affect the corporation and the employees that work for the corporation, but it affects the corporations' stakeholders, and the public communities. The decisions made still need to keep the best interest of everyone involved without losing more of the corporation than what needs

Ethics Essay 295 Words

295 words - 2 pages and philosophy of nursing. I try to give the same quality of care to all patients and their family members, which I would want to be given as if it were I or my loved one. A nurse uses their professional moral compass to make the best decisions for their patient. Nursing is all about the patients and without values, morals, and ethics nurses lose the focus on the patients. Values are the moral principles and beliefs or accepted standards of a

Ethics Essay 797 Words

797 words - 4 pages Ethics Kellie Jackson Arthur Murphy Ethics Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism is the ethical doctrine that the moral worth of an action is solely determined by its contribution to overall utility. It is thus a form of consequentialism, meaning that the moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome—the ends justify the means. Utility — the good to be maximized — has been defined by various thinkers as happiness or pleasure (versus

Ethics Essay 569 Words

569 words - 3 pages Exercise 1, RGS6036.E1 1. I would define ethics as a set of concepts and principles that guide us in determining what is right or wrong. Ethics consists of standards that have been developed to direct us in what we ought to do, in terms of rights, obligations, fairness, and benefits to society. Individuals must also continuously study their own moral beliefs and conduct to ensure we live up to these ethical standards. 2. Should Daniel