Before getting into the details of what values are required to make a person an ethical leader, let’s first get an understanding of what ethical leadership actually is. Leadership is the power to motivate people by words, actions and deeds using vision, belief and truthfulness. Ethical leadership means “ethically motivating others in ethical directions” consisting of both “procedural” and “substantive” (character-based) aspects (Chumir, 1992). The procedural dimension of ethical leadership includes problem-solving and decision-making techniques within the circle of ethics. For example, ethical leadership demands that the leaders, before putting their ...view middle of the document...
Voice. This is another important virtue needed by ethical leadership. This includes the process of getting people know our inner beliefs, ideas and standards so that they get motivated to do something good. The ethical leadership must be able to raise his voice to face opposition that comes in the way of ethical decisions.
Vision. Vision means the knowledge or approach of one’s mind towards an issue and concerns how an action is to be taken, in what direction must the action go and what will be the consequences of that action. An ethical leader must have a strong vision so that he is able to go in the depth of the problem and relate its solution with ethical values.
Virtue. It is the goodness of the inner self of the leader that leads him to do good decisions. The virtuous practices are needed for the progressiveness of a society and an ethical leader contributes in this by making use of virtue that is a part of his personality.
Apart from the 4-V Model of Ethical Leadership that is described above, there are other substantive aspects too which include:
Courage. Courage is required by an ethical leader so that he may be able to give voice to his vision in front of opposing parties. He must be courageous enough to make people understand his ethical directions and principles.
Less Personal Ego. Freeman and Stewart (2006) assert that an ethical leader must be able to “focus on organizational success rather than on personal ego”. He must know that what is important is the success of people working in the organization and not the success of one individual. A little ego is okay but the leader must not get swept away by his personal ego and should prefer the benefit of the whole organization to his personal benefit.
Understanding others’ values. The ethical leader must be able to understand that others can make their choices and decisions based on their values, but simultaneously should know how not to give away his own ethical standards. He should have a strong grip on what he is supposed to do in a controversial situation, giving due respect to others’ opinions too.
Procedural virtues are as important for an ethical leader as inner virtues are. These may include the following:
Framing actions according to ethics. An ethical leader must be able to frame his actions in such a way that they go just in accordance to his inner beliefs, values, morals and standards. He must know that the leadership is “a fully ethical task” (Freeman & Stewart, 2006).
Task scheduling. An ethical leader must ask himself if his time schedule and work plans go in accordance with his ethics or not. He must know the importance of time.
Problem-solving. Ethical leadership requires the sorting out of problems, analyzing them and searching for solutions that lie within the boundaries of ethics. Ethical problem-solving is one of the most important virtues required of an ethical leader.
Decision-making. An ethical leader is required to make decisions...