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Ethical Conflicts At Enron: Moral Responsibility In Corporate Capitalism

1021 words - 5 pages

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO Y DE ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES DE MONTERREY

MAESTRÍA EN ADMINISTRACIÓN EMPRESARIAL (MGN)

Materia:
ECONOMÍA PARA LA TOMA DE DECISIONES

Caso: Ethical Conflicts at Enron: Moral Responsibility in Corporate Capitalism

Pregunta 1:
En el caso de Enron y las acciones que llevaron a su colapso, ¿podría decirse que se trató de problemas de agencia? Justifique su respuesta a partir de los conceptos de principal/agent y la información proporcionada en el caso.

Respuesta:
Con respecto a lo abordado dentro del caso que nos ocupa y tomando en cuenta los factores que llevaron al colapso a ENRON considero que efectivamente se trató de un problema de agencia, lo que ...view middle of the document...

Considero que los principios y los valores éticos están por encima de cualquier otro interés, y que aunque se arriesgue demasiado, es prioritario sacar a la luz los malos manejos, la falta de ética y la opacidad con la que se manejó una empresa de clase mundial como lo fue Enron.

Pregunta 3:
¿Se ha visto usted en situación similar a la de “Las ropas nuevas del emperador”? En caso afirmativo, ¿cuál ha sido el resultado final de su actuar?

Respuesta:
Si me he visto dentro de una situación similar, y aunque al principio mi tendencia fue actuar “como si yo también viera ese traje invisible para no parecer que no estaba capacitado para mi puesto” no pude soportar más y terminé por tener una plática muy profunda con la persona que estaba al frente de la empresa para la cual trabajaba y le hice ver los problemas que se estaban dando en aquel momento. Afortunadamente, mi jefe tuvo una actitud positiva y me agradeció haberle dicho lo que otros le ocultaron.

Pregunta 4:
¿Podrían diseñarse algunos mecanismos o incentivos económicos para resolver problemas como el registrado en Enron o definitivamente la prevención de este tipo de problemas está fuera del análisis económico y corresponde a otras áreas de la conducta humana?

Respuesta:
Como lo apunta el libro Managerial Economics, Christopher Tomas, Charles Maurice, 2011, “La equidad de la propiedad es considerado uno de los mecanismos más efectivos para el control corporativo, tanto es así que algunos administradores profesionales de dinero y algunos grandes inversionistas institucionales se reúsan a invertir en firmas en las cuales sus gerentes tienen poca o ninguna participación accionaria en las firmas que administran”, esto quiere decir, que es necesario que los gerentes tengan una participación importante en las acciones de la empresa para empatar los objetivos de los dueños y así...

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