Understanding ethics and morality when referencing the similarities and differences in Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics can be quite troublesome, thus, makes an individual morality and ethics contribution to decision making. Ethics is the guideline on how people should live, acknowledgement of right from wrong, fulfillment of moral obligations, and promote equality. Morality is the “conformity to the rules of right conduct; moral or virtuous conduct” (Morality, N.D., 2014). Although there are some similarities to virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics the differences give a more precise explanation how each theory accost ethics and morality. Virtue theory expresses its views that an individual should strive for excellence in all that a person encounters and promote peer excellence. Virtue theory describes the ...view middle of the document...
137). Utilitarianism is an ethical doctrine that says virtue is based on utility and personal conduct should be geared toward advocating extreme happiness in the highest amount of individuals.
Utilitarianism is a moral theory founded by Jeremy Bentham during the Victorian era. He considered the need for society to rely on reason rather than metaphysics. The “Greatest Happiness Principle” is the central presumption of utilitarianism, thus, individual arrogance gears people to pursue pleasure while depreciating pain. According to utilitarianism an individual will conduct actions in which he or she will endure the greatest pleasure under given circumstances.
Immanuel Kant is responsible for deontology the alternative ethical system associated with his philosophical traditions. Utilitarianism focuses on the conclusion of actions, whereas deontology requires that an action or deed must be ethical. Deontology also feuds with the statement ethical norms are transcendent and authenticity are universally applicable to all people. Deontology implies that some actions that are immoral regardless of the outcome are ethically amiss. Kant was instrumental in the development of categorical imperatives on how individuals should conduct themselves.
Morality and ethics are attributed to virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontology. According to the text and theories each individual is wired to act accordingly. Most individuals will contribute good morals and ethics in the poise to earn extreme happiness. Although, these theories were counter suited by Immanuel Kant who believed that regardless of intentions a person will have actions that are immoral, and the mere thought of immorality is damaging within itself.
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