Ethics is something that we as people deal with on a daily bases. People view ethics in their own way and have their own way of approaching everyday conflicts, which ethical and moral decisions need to be made. In this paper I will discuss the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. I will describe the differences on how each theory addresses ethics and morality. I will also add a personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as it relates to one of the three theories.
Virtue theory is basically is a form of ethics that uses a person's character as a way to determine ethical behavior. Virtue theory will base their ethical decision making on a case by case bases, which will factor in personal benefit, group benefit or overall intentions. For ...view middle of the document...
Utilitarianism ethics is another approach that basically influence ethical behavior or decision making on the consequence that brings the best result or least amount of bad results. This method is more of what ever benefits a person or group will be the choice. An example of this would be A person finding $100.00 outside of a bank ATM and instead of turning in the found money they automatically put it in their pocket and walk away because they gained $100.00 that he or she can now spend on themselves.
Deontological ethics is basically the opposite of Utilitarianism which is the approach in which ethical behavior or choices is made through moral duty or obligation. For example a person finds $100.00 outside of a bank ATM and he or she takes that money into the bank and reports it as lost and found property because it is the right thing to do since the money is not rightfully theirs.
All of these ethical approaches have the same similarity in which each decision or ethical behavior is made from an ethical stand point. Each of these approaches are different in which how the decision or behaviors are influenced on different factors such as personal gain, group benefit, or moral judgment.
I work for a security company that provide personal protection and security services. I had a client that who contracted us for our security services at a shopping center. We had two shifts that covered the ours requested by the client. In one pay period a security officer failed to show up for their scheduled shift. We did not find out until later on that week. When it came to bill the client I did not bill them for the hours that the officer did not show up to work. My manager asked me if the client had knowledge of the security officer who did not show up and I said "no". My manager then told me to bill the client since they have no idea that we did not provide a guard that day. In my opinion my manager was acting in a utilitarianism approach, since he was looking out for the best interest and financial gain of the company.