University of Phoenix Material
Define the following terms:
|Term |Definition |
|Racial formation |Developed by Michael Omi and Howard Winant, the theory looks at race as a socially constructed |
| |identity, where the content and importance of racial categories is determined by social, economic |
| |and political forces. |
|Segregation |The physical and social separation of ...view middle of the document...
New industrial factories offered many jobs, and East Coast Cities were transformed as ships brought some 25 million people across the Atlantic Ocean in search of Economic opportunity.” (Macionis, 2012). The Germans started coming to the United States around 1700 to make a better and safer life for themselves and in 1745 there was an estimated 45,000 Germans living just in Pennsylvania. It was in the 1850’s that nearly one million Germans immigrated to the United States. Another, large group that made its way over to the U.S. was the Irish who sought to escape starvation and poverty. In the 1940’s nearly 2 million Irish came over.
• What are some of the larger racial minorities in U.S. history? What have been the common ancestral backgrounds of each of these groups? When did each become a significant or notable minority group?
There are some larger racial minority groups in the United States and throughout history. One is Black Americans of African descent. Most Africans were brought over to the United States not by choice, but by force. “After 1619, however, when a Dutch trading ship delivered twenty Africans to Jamestown, Virginia, to work for whites, people came to see dark skin a marker of subordination. In 1661, Virginia enacted the first slave law.” (Macionis, 2012). In all over 10 million slaves were shipped to both North and South America. Another large minority group in the United States is Hispanics (or Latinos) whose ancestors come from Central and South America, the Caribbean and Spain. In 2009, the official Hispanic population of the United States topped over 48 million, making Hispanics the largest U.S. minority. (Macionis, 2012). Throughout history Hispanic have sought to come to the U.S. to get better wages, have more opportunities and some wanted to escape the oppression of rulers like Fidel Castro.
• In what ways have laws been used to enforce discrimination? Provide examples. These laws were intended against which racial minorities?
There have been several laws and court rulings...