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Essay World War 1

1509 words - 7 pages

Matt DeGroot 3/20/15
Mr. Kalner APUSH
Essay Assignment:
At the turn of the 19th century, American foreign policy shifted from George Washington’s isolationist ideology to more of a policy focused on imperialism. Within this ideology were many discrepancies that displayed increasing power and influence in the world. In order to garner the support of the general public, the federal ...view middle of the document...

Its Liberty Bond drives dominated the financial capital markets. It turned the newly created Federal Reserve System into a powerful engine of monetary inflation to help satisfy the government’s voracious appetite for money and credit. In view of the more than 5,000 mobilization agencies of various sorts—boards, committees, corporations, administrations—contemporaries who described the 1918 government as “war socialism” were well justified. During the war the government built up the armed forces to a strength of four million officers and men, drawn from a prewar labor force of 40 million persons. Of those added to the armed forces after the U.S. declaration of war, more than 2.8 million, or 72 percent, were drafted. Men alone, however, did not make an army. They required barracks and training facilities, transportation, food, clothing, and health care. They had to be equipped with modern arms and great stocks of ammunition. As the mobilization began, the requisite resources remained in the possession of private citizens. Although manpower could be obtained by conscription, public opinion would not tolerate the outright confiscation of all the property required to turn the men into a well-equipped fighting force. Still, ordinary market mechanisms threatened to operate too slowly and at too great an expense to facilitate the government’s plans. The Wilson administration therefore resorted to the vast array of interventions mentioned earlier. All may be seen as devices to hasten the delivery of the requisite resources and to diminish the fiscal burden of equipping the huge conscript army for effective service in France. Notwithstanding those contrivances to keep the Treasury’s expenses down, taxes still had to be increased enormously—federal revenues rose by nearly 400 percent between fiscal 1917 and fiscal 1919—and even greater amounts had to be borrowed. The many political motives that were introduced by America in this time displayed the increasing power of the government in this time.
Next, many economic means were introduced to allow for the mobilization of the army. First off, Herbert Hoover administrated advances in the food industry leading up to the war. First, food rationing was requested by hoover in all homes; due to the approaching war, food was needed to be stored in a way as to allow for adequate supplies for the troops. Also, there were troops needed. The botanical gardens that were growing also showed a focus on spending of other sorts, such as on war materials. The food and meat rationing went all to the soldiers and was put in place in the war effort that would eventually take place here. Also, the Herbert Hoover was in charge of the food administration in this time. As a leader in democracy in the world, America had to feed all its allies and itself. Hoover preferred to rely on voluntary compliance rather than something that is mandatory. He rejected the use of rationing cards, and instead used propaganda to get the public...

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