The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment of the 16th and 17th centuries revolutionized thought and learning. The scientific revolution was a new way of thinking about the natural world from analyzing and questioning accepted beliefs. These new discoveries on scientific theories caused confliction between religion, but it also brought improvement into instrumental inventions, medicine and chemistry. As these new discoveries were being spread throughout the world, many philosophers admired how the scientist’s way of reasoning was in order to explain the laws governing nature. In the mid-1700’s people began to look for laws governing human behavior as well. This led to a new movement involving change to all aspects of society known as, the Enlightenment. Governments aided scientists by supporting them financially and funding their research, while ...view middle of the document...
Although these scientists escaped the disproval of many protestant and catholic churches, the first scientist to publicize his discoveries was not that lucky. Protestant and catholic leaders threatened the scientist, Galileo Galilei not to announce his discoveries or else they will punish him. His many ideas proved Nicolaus Copernicus’s heliocentric theories to be correct, and all these ideas contradicted the teachings and authorities of the catholic and protestant leaders. The house arrest that these churches placed under Galileo did not work, for his ideas were still revealed to the public, and scientists were therefore able to make further scientific advancements.
As the influence of the scientific revolution spread, it soon caused change beyond the realms of science. Philosophers were inspired by the scientist’s way in governing nature, and tried to use those methods to come up with laws applying reason to government, religion, economics, and education. The Enlightenment mainly started from the two different ideas of, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. As there ideas spread they gained many followers who were known as philosophes’. One philosophe known as Denis Diderot had created an Encyclopedia, which consisted of the most current enlightened thinking. This book helped spread enlightenment ideas to educated people all over Europe. These passionate beliefs on freedom and liberty later on become the fundamental reasons for the French revolution.
We see how political, religious, and social factors were influenced, and changed by the ideas of scientists from the scientific revolution, and philosophes from the enlightenment. Many of these ideas are still a major attribute to today’s day and age, like Diderot’s Encyclopedia, and Torricelli’s barometer. These revolutions have been a big asset to our society politically, economically, and even intellectually.