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Erikson's Theory Essay

1684 words - 7 pages

Erikson’s Theory

Micah Schenk

AIU Online

Abstract

Inside this essay the Erikson’s Theory on developmental psychology is described in full detail, the stages how everyone is affected throughout the stages with detail inside the examples. Using personal and televised characters to define how each character fits inside the specific stage. Detail on how the person had managed to progress or did not progress inside the stage and how to overcome the negative effects.

Erikson’s Theory

There are eight stages in Erikson’s theory. The first stage in Erikson’s theory is trust versus mistrust, and it lasts from birth through 18 ...view middle of the document...

For example, Annabelle is twenty two months as of this week. Annabelle absolutely loves to play with the radio because she loves dancing to the music. So Annabelle is constantly in motion dancing building her motor skills and it is highly encouraged by her mother and me. With Annabelle constantly being in control of items always having things in her hands and always being encouraged to play she is advancing in this stage.

Erikson’s third stage is initiative versus guilt, and it begins around age three and lasts until age six. During this phase, children get involved in mental and physical activities. If parents respond to a child’s involvement with excitement, interest, and trust, a positive sense of self-worth is developed. If caregivers respond with negative emotion, the child will develop guilty feelings associated with initiating activities. This stage results in feelings of freedom and self- confidence that are used during the next stage if successfully resolved. For example, Theodor Cleaver, also known as Beaver, in one of his episodes had obtained a baby alligator with his brother Wally. They raised the alligator and made it a show by charging the other kids one dime to see “captain jack” the alligator. When Ward, Beaver’s dad, had found out about the situation he did punish them accordingly but to not discourage the boys of being involved with the other kids he surprised them with a new family member as replacement to “Captain Jack”, a new puppy. Because Beaver’s dad allowed the boys to have the dog instead of the alligator it gave the boys the sense of interest and trust they needed to help advance in this stage.

Competence versus inferiority, defines Erikson’s fourth stage. Beginning at age six and lasting through puberty, the main task of this stage is developing successful social and intellectual skills. This is the first stage in which children look beyond their primary caregivers for feed­back. Typically beginning school during this stage and receive feedback from teachers and peers. They also become involved in extracurricular activities, which advance a variety of their skills. An internal belief that they have individual talents and competencies that are worth developing is built from successful experience in these areas. Children are likely to develop feelings of inferiority regarding their skill sets, sustaining damage to their sense of self confidence if excessive failure or social is experienced detachment during this stage. For example, Christopher is my nephew and he fits this stage perfectly. Christopher is always looking to become more aware of himself. He is constantly looking for activities to get into. For example he joined the middle school football team, joined the after school program, he does study hall to get better grades, and he spends a lot of time with friends. Now Christopher is always putting himself in the open to meet friends and try to strengthen his talents. With this being done...

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