Ergonomics In Modern Planning And Design

1357 words - 6 pages

Ergonomics, human engineering or human factors engineering is the science of creating products or designing machines which maximize safety, comfort or efficiency of people who use them.

People who work with ergonomics apply general principles of industrial engineering, psychology, anthropometrics, which is the science of human measurement, and even biomechanics to adapt certain designs of products or workplaces to peoples constitution, strengths and limitations.

This science also takes into consideration peoples reactions and the amount of time they need to process a specific task or information received from their environment, as well as the capacity of dealing with certain ...view middle of the document...

Ergonomics are commonly divided into three main domains:

• Physical ergonomics

• Cognitive ergonomics

• Organizational ergonomics

Physical ergonomics usually deals with the field of the human body's reaction to physical or physiological work. Relevant to this field of application is the materials a workers has to work with, the layout at his workstation, the physical demands of his job and different types of risks such as repletion, vibration, forces or awkward and static postures since all of these factors have been determined to cause musculoskeletal disorders known as repetitive strain injury's.

Repetitive strain injury, also called repetitive stress injury, is a group of conditions that comes from the overuse of computers, typewriters and other similar motions or tools. It is considered an overuse syndrome affecting muscles, tendons and nerves in the upper section of the human body.

Medical research points to the fact that these disorders occur when muscles in a certain area are kept tense for very long periods of time, mainly due to poor posture or repetitive motions. These conditions are very common among assembly line and computer workers. Better ergonomics, or limited exposure time to these stressful conditions help preventing these disorders.

Cognitive ergonomics or engineering psychology is and emerging branch of ergonomics that places special emphasis on the mental processes such as perception, attention, and workers cognitive abilities, as well as motor control and memory storage and retrieval, and how they affect a workers interactions among co-workers and the elements of the system.

Important to this specific field is the mental workload of the workers, their vigilance, their ability to make decisions, the human error, the workers performance and training and the human-computer interaction.

Cognitive ergonomics seek to enhance the performance of cognitive tasks by four different interventions:

• HCI, human computer interaction by designing human centered machines.

• The creation of cognitive artifacts.

• Training programs.

• Work redesign to manage cognitive workload and increase human reliability.

Ergonomic design in this field require a thorough understanding of the work environment and the limitations of human cognitive factors. Sometimes, the tools or artifacts necessary to realize a certain task carry their own limitations, for instance, navigating through a large amount of GUI (guided user interface) screens.

It is very important to analyze the tools the workers use since many times they co-determine the nature and ability of the user to realize a certain task, this is specially true in control panels, software or expert systems, as they are increasingly sophisticated.

Special emphasis is made on how to design the human – machine interfaces so that the cognitive performance of the user is sustained in the work environment, where stress or overload of work may...

Other Papers Like Ergonomics in Modern Planning and Design

How Has Cad Shaped Modern Design and How It Has Changed?

3526 words - 15 pages How Has CAD Shaped Modern Design And How it Has Changed? In this essay about the history of CAD I will be looking into what the first computer aided design systems were like and how it operated, I will also look at examples of how far the programme has come since the early 1950's and in fact has it changed much at all since, to look at this I will research what CAD is used for in the 21st century and how it has affected modern design

Case Study in Will, Trust and Estate Planning

3981 words - 16 pages CASE STUDY IN WILL, TRUST AND ESTATE PLANNING Thinking about updating your estate plan? Whether due to the birth of a child, the death of a friend, reaching retirement, the sale of your business, reaching a certain age, or hitting the lottery, whatever the reason, most people eventually decide to see a lawyer about preparing a Will or updating their old one. By considering the particularities of a family's circumstances, the amount of wealth

Coal Mill Pulverizer Style and Design in Powder Plant

660 words - 3 pages and excellent things is usually loaded and hauled for that port. Sulfur in coal will take place as sulfates, organic and organic sulfur, and pyrites (sulfides of iron). The sulfates usually are current in little quantities and are unquestionably not considered an issue. organic and natural and normal sulfur is bound molecularly to your coal and is not detachable by popular coal planning processes. Pyrites generally are latest inside the sort

A Discussion of the Major Causes and Effects of the Industrial Revolution in 2 Major Areas of Design - Architecture and Graphic Design

1743 words - 7 pages A Discussion of the major causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution in 2 major areas of Design - Architecture and Graphic Design In this essay I propose to show how Architecture and Graphic Design caused the Industrial Revolution. I also propose to show the effects that were caused by Architecture and Graphic Design during the Industrial Revolution. I will be analyzing two examples from each area of design to help answer and prove my

“Budgeting Is A Key Component In Management Short And Long Term Planning”

350 words - 2 pages Budgeting is a key component in management short and long term planning” I agreed that budgeting is important to management short and long term planning. Budgeting is important to management as it helps people on making decision whether they have enough money to progress through to the next step of planning, expanding the business and earning profit for themselves. If budgeting or planning doesn’t exist in management, there is a risk on

Unit 401 Planning to Meet the Needs of Learners in Education and Training

1334 words - 6 pages objectives are manageable goals for the learner to achieve in a given timescale, giving the learner a sense of achievement and allowing for self and peer assessment. Trainers should continually encourage and support the learners and provide help and guidance where need. By setting individual learning goals and achievements the learners can progress and develop at their own pace. (b) Explain how your own planning meets the individual needs of learners

Employee Behavioral Shape Organization Design and Behavior Control Is Non Existent in Organizations

4908 words - 20 pages Development Process. Organization Science, 7(1), 1-21. Kramer, R. (2006). Organizational trust: A reader. New York: Oxford University Press. Lucas, H. C. and Baroudi, J. (1994). The role of information technology in organization design. Journal of management information system, 10(4), 9-23. Marcus, P. and Cafagnan, D. (1965). Control in modern organizations. Public administration review, 25(2), 121-127. Merchant, A. (1988). Progressing

Enterprise Resource Planning (Erp) Many Companies Look to Their Enterprise Resource Planning (Erp) Systems to Find Efficiencies, Improve Processes, Reduce Complexity, Integrate Systems, and Eliminate...

1248 words - 5 pages that planning and execution be done with a holistic view of the system’s impact on the organization. Companies should approach the process as a business transformation and manage the effort through controlled timelines that 1  Service methodology Our services are founded on a library of project risks and tools based on cumulative experience in evaluating implementation projects. This enables our engagement teams to consistently identify

Unit 401: Planning to Meet the Needs of the Learners in Education and Training & Unit 402: Delivering Education and Training

1678 words - 7 pages Unit 401: Planning to meet the needs of the learners in education and training & Unit 402: Delivering education and training T2 Teaching these days consists of a vast range of different theories which all claim to know the best methods of planning and delivering learning. Through this essay I am going to discuss the use of assessments for agreeing upon learning goals with students, I will be looking at how students are able to benefit

Analyzing the Role of Concept Design and Development in Brand Identification of Uk Fashion and Retail Market

2105 words - 9 pages Introduction Business management has experienced a number of changes after the significant effects of industrial development. Developments in technology made quality to be easily accessible compared to previous eras and hence, the standards of product purchase switched from the ‘quality’ to ‘design’ as customers, who buy products, increased their expectations from those products. Therefore, 21st century’s business management happened to face

To What Extent Do Classical and Modern Liberals Follow the Same Principles in Their Ideology?

937 words - 4 pages To what extent do Classical and Modern Liberals follow the same principles in their ideology? (45) Typically, liberalism is categorised into two separate components; Classical liberalism, which was fashioned during the 19th century and the more recent modern liberalism that emerged following the rise in industrialisation. Although both divisions of Liberalism unavoidably overlap in attitudes and principles regarding the theory behind the

Related Essays

Planning And Design Analysis

1137 words - 5 pages Planning and Design Analysis Grid Your Learning Team has been assigned two articles to analyze for assignments in Weeks Three and Four. One article is a qualitative research study, and the other is a quantitative research study. Identify which article is which, and then complete the table where applicable. Write no more than three sentences in each cell of the table. Qualitative: Living with Incurable Cancer at the End of Life-Patients

Modern System Analysis And Design

5646 words - 23 pages Modern Systems Analysis and Design, 6e (Hoffer, et al.) Chapter 2 The Origins of Software 1) Hardware manufacturers are one source of software. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 33 2) The first administrative information system was General Electric's payroll system. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 30 3) Internal corporate information systems departments now spend a smaller portion of their time and effort on developing systems from

Hr Design In A Volatile World – Human Resource Planning In The 21st Century

1143 words - 5 pages HR design in a volatile world – human resource planning in the 21st century The increasing globalisation of the marketplace combined with an increasing shortage of skilled staff and advances in technology have resulted in large scale changes in recruitment practices. Recruitment is the process of finding and attracting appropriate job candidates capable of effectively filling the job vacancies available within an organisation. For successful

Modern Wine Cellar Builder In Fort Lauderdale/Miami Florida Wins Houzz Best In Design

736 words - 3 pages Modern Wine Cellar Builder in Fort Lauderdale/Miami Florida Wins Houzz Best in  Design 1888 Press Release ­ Wine Cellar International is proud to announce that Houzz, the popular website for the  construction and design industry, has awarded them with Best in Houzz in Design 2015. Jake Duquette, the  young owner of this exciting company, has built his wine cellar dealer into one of the fastest growing and most  prestigious builders in the