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Epistemology Paper

1103 words - 5 pages

Epistemology Schools Paper

Arika Boyd


Dixie Hoyt


Epistemology or theory of knowledge is a branch of philosophy related to the scope and nature of knowledge. The subject focuses on examining the nature of knowledge, and how it relates to beliefs, justification, and truth. Epistemology contract with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims. The question is what does people Know? The core of this questions and area of study is Skepticism, in which there have been many approaches involved in trying to disprove a particular form of this school. This paper will discuss the Epistemology school of Skepticism, ...view middle of the document...

It was understood that he only asked questions and never taught positive doctrines. Plato and Aristotle strayed from Socrates path when they claimed to know the truth. Plato viewed knowledge as an awareness of absolute and existing independent of any subject trying to apprehend to the philosophers. Though, Aristotle put more emphasis on logical and empirical methods for gathering knowledge. Aristotle still accepts the view of such knowledge is an apprehension of necessary principles. Around the Renaissance period, the two main epistemological positions dominated in philosophy are empiricism, in which sees knowledge as the product of sensory perception, and rationalism sees epistemology as the product of rational reflection (Tempo). Another philosopher by the name of Arcesilaus, gave a renewed form of skepticism, arguing against the opinions of all men. Arcesilaus also claimed that skeptics could make choices in accordance with reason in the absence of truth. Carneades, also a master of arguing on both sides of the issue, refined into the standard of the credible.

One of the Schools of Skepticism is Pyrrhonism, whom was found by the Greek physician Sextus Empiricus (2nd century CE). Sextus was once thought of as a compiler many recent studies have found within the philosophical originality. Sextus explained that Skepticism was not a philosophy but rather a way of life in which one opposed all claims to truth with equal opposite claims. Sextus also attributed to the Greek philosopher Aenesidemus (1st century BC) whom was a also a source for information regarding ancient skepticism. In ancient times, critics of skepticism accused philosophers of inconsistency, immorality, incoherence, and inability to live their skeptics. The arguments were ranged widely from the claim that skeptics could not be fully skeptical because they believed their own accusations are true to the claim that skeptics will not make reliable friends. In the late 1980’s, a number of scholars of skepticism continued to maintain claims, but opinions turned in the 90’s as a consensus emerge in which skeptics could live their skepticism, and it wouldn’t be any more immoral than followers of other philosophies. Sextus Text consisted of refutation of other dogmatic philosophies since he quoted other philosophers ideas in order to refute them. The text had been an important source of information about ancient Stoicism, Epicureanism, and many other philosophies.

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