This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Epistemology Paper

1103 words - 5 pages

Epistemology Schools Paper

Arika Boyd

PHL/215

Dixie Hoyt

09/15/09

Epistemology or theory of knowledge is a branch of philosophy related to the scope and nature of knowledge. The subject focuses on examining the nature of knowledge, and how it relates to beliefs, justification, and truth. Epistemology contract with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims. The question is what does people Know? The core of this questions and area of study is Skepticism, in which there have been many approaches involved in trying to disprove a particular form of this school. This paper will discuss the Epistemology school of Skepticism, ...view middle of the document...

It was understood that he only asked questions and never taught positive doctrines. Plato and Aristotle strayed from Socrates path when they claimed to know the truth. Plato viewed knowledge as an awareness of absolute and existing independent of any subject trying to apprehend to the philosophers. Though, Aristotle put more emphasis on logical and empirical methods for gathering knowledge. Aristotle still accepts the view of such knowledge is an apprehension of necessary principles. Around the Renaissance period, the two main epistemological positions dominated in philosophy are empiricism, in which sees knowledge as the product of sensory perception, and rationalism sees epistemology as the product of rational reflection (Tempo). Another philosopher by the name of Arcesilaus, gave a renewed form of skepticism, arguing against the opinions of all men. Arcesilaus also claimed that skeptics could make choices in accordance with reason in the absence of truth. Carneades, also a master of arguing on both sides of the issue, refined into the standard of the credible.

One of the Schools of Skepticism is Pyrrhonism, whom was found by the Greek physician Sextus Empiricus (2nd century CE). Sextus was once thought of as a compiler many recent studies have found within the philosophical originality. Sextus explained that Skepticism was not a philosophy but rather a way of life in which one opposed all claims to truth with equal opposite claims. Sextus also attributed to the Greek philosopher Aenesidemus (1st century BC) whom was a also a source for information regarding ancient skepticism. In ancient times, critics of skepticism accused philosophers of inconsistency, immorality, incoherence, and inability to live their skeptics. The arguments were ranged widely from the claim that skeptics could not be fully skeptical because they believed their own accusations are true to the claim that skeptics will not make reliable friends. In the late 1980’s, a number of scholars of skepticism continued to maintain claims, but opinions turned in the 90’s as a consensus emerge in which skeptics could live their skepticism, and it wouldn’t be any more immoral than followers of other philosophies. Sextus Text consisted of refutation of other dogmatic philosophies since he quoted other philosophers ideas in order to refute them. The text had been an important source of information about ancient Stoicism, Epicureanism, and many other philosophies.

A few...

Other Papers Like Epistemology Paper

Philosophers and Epistemological Skepticism Essay

1271 words - 6 pages Abstract People wonder how they, and others, know what they know. There is a skepticism about accepting that there are inherent pieces of knowledge that people simply possess, that there is no such thing as true knowledge because it is so personal, that there is no way to prove what is truly right or wrong. This paper considers the views of Chuang Tzu and Roderick Chisholm, how their ideas should be researched further in order for leaders to

Review On What Aspects Of Vocabulary Knowledge Do Textbooks Give Attention To

2099 words - 9 pages Introduction This paper is devoted to the discussions about three main areas of the selected article-- What aspects of vocabulary knowledge do textbooks give attention to. In first place, an examination of the possible philosophical assumption, which seems existing ontologically and epistemologically behind the research approach. Greener(2011) suggests knowing of some widely debated philosophical ideas would give researchers more chances

Philosophy and Religion

2529 words - 11 pages Albert Rosales Professor: Gill Intro Philosophy: 213 In writing this paper, I was apprehensive by the immensity of the task that was required of me, having never studied Philosophy and philosophers before this class and not having a good understanding of it. I could not begin to comprehend Metaphysics, Ethics Epistemology etc. if it was not for this course. This may sound ignorant but I had never really given any thought to my worldview. If

Harmless Arbitrariness

1626 words - 7 pages Harmless Arbitrariness de Leon, Ramon Luis W. 11043644 Abstract In this paper, I address the issue of whether or not we are prudentially rational in accepting a belief on the basis of arbitrary reasons. This issue is derived from Peter Klein's discussion of possible objections against a view which he advocates called Infinitism. More specifically, this issue is located within the scope of matters concerning Infinitism's Principle

Theories of Knowlege

1213 words - 5 pages Theories of knowledge Epistemology or theory of knowledge is the branch of Western philosophy that studies the nature and scope of knowledge. But how much and what do we really know? The debate in this field has been on analyzing the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief, and justification. The ability to store and retrieve information provides individuals with the ability to form logical thought

What Is Knowledge?

2583 words - 11 pages Name: Chou Wing Yi Student ID: 3035062930 Tutor: Ms Kelly Inglis PHIL 1012 Mind and Knowledge: an Introduction to Philosophy Paper 2 What is knowledge? This has been questioned since a very long time ago. Many philosophers have attempted to give a definition of knowledge. Yet, none of them is convincing to everyone. All of them encounter objections. In this paper, I will give an account of knowledge which I think closest to my

Data Analysis

1176 words - 5 pages defined in the sense of theory of knowledge (epistemology) or philosophy of science. The dominant theory, of course, is ‘logical positivism’, a philosophical tradition that holds that all ‘facts’ are derived from ‘experience’, defined minimally in terms of senses, and that all knowledge is based on experience. Judgments of ‘values’ cannot be accepted as knowledge. The main argument of the empiricists as a whole remained, as always, their

Philosophy Of Science

1127 words - 5 pages plus revision] 2nd assignment: Take home exam (4 pages): initial version due Tue Nov. 13 [30% for initial version plus revision] 3rd assignment: Term paper. (8 pages) [45%] Due on 'Dean's date'. No extensions without Dean's permission. Precept participation [10%] Here is the 1st Assignment: In Course Packet #2, read the selections by Horgan and Kraus and the discussions of each (in letters to the NY Times). These articles are about

Mixed Methods Of Research

2310 words - 10 pages inquiry which employs scientific methodology for problem solving and creating new knowledge. This paper will critically discuss the nature and design of mixed methods research. The essay begins by defining mixed methods before giving an outline of the quantitative and qualitative approaches followed by a discussion on the debate surrounding the multi-strategy approach. Multi-strategy research attempts to combine methods from the positivist

Critical Thinking

1959 words - 8 pages epistemology (Chaffee 230). This way of thinking sought to answer similar questions as those based in religion and myth, but sought answers through observations and analytical reasoning within the natural world. Generally, this way of thinking embodied the nature and scope of knowledge, theories of knowledge, and the extent to which knowledge about any subject and physical entity can be known. The pre-Socratic collective formed a bridge

Chapter 3

3370 words - 14 pages of the research while also minimizing confounding variables. In particular, the philosophy adapted for this study dissertation is interpretive epistemology which simply refers to the philosophical underpinning of the research. Interpretive epistemology has a basic assumption that knowledge can only be created and understood from the point of view of the individuals who live and work in a particular culture or organisation. Therefore, every

Related Essays

Epistemology Essay

2770 words - 12 pages Baruch Spinoza Epistemology Cortesy of Philosphy Pages Spinoza maintained that human beings do have particular faculties whose functions are to provide some degree of knowledge. I typically assume, for example, that there may be some correlation between thought and extension with regard to sensations produced by the action of other bodies upon my eyes, ears, and fingertips. Even my memory may occasionally harbor some evidence of the order

Essay On Epistemology

1134 words - 5 pages as to remain effectively agnostic over everything, even their own position, such that judgement is evaded. However, this, as a scope for an epistemology, is not very useful; it is not entirely pragmatic[4] in the context of everyday life. As a result, it can be deemed necessary, in order to form a usable epistemology, to build up from this. Yet to do so, one has to make certain leaps of faith, if you will. Or to put it another way, one must hold

Business Morality Essay

3164 words - 13 pages Hi Michele, Thank you for submitting the report on Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics, Political, and Social Philosophy. I can see you have a personal philosophy expressing good ideas on the six fields of philosophy. When I reviewed the Unit 2 IP submission, I noted there was information that directly matched the content in several websites, word for word. (Identified on the Turnitin Report) at 17%. This is an

Sociology Essay

2487 words - 10 pages two lectures are concerned with the workshops that help a student to understand the discourse of academic writing and reading. This paper seeks to highlight the basic information of each lecture a student should expect while undertaking this module. Additionally, this paper will note some key points from each seminar and try to define some concepts pertained therefof. Lecture 1 This lecture is aimed at helping a student to understand the