Epidemiology and Public Health
West Coast University
Most people when asked about Public Health automatically associate it with Public Clinics, or providing hands-on health care to the community. Not until recently I was one of those people; however, after exploring my local health department, State of Florida Health Department, Center for Disease Control and many other websites, I discovered that Public Health is involved in every aspect of our daily lives.
Public Health is first and foremost all about prevention. They have developed many vaccinations and have required all children to receive certain immunizations prior to starting school, they also investigate disease ...view middle of the document...
" Winslow (1920)
Epidemiology is defined as a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population. An epidemiologist in Public Health assists in identifying risk factors for disease injury, identifying individuals at greatest risk for disease within a certain population and much more. They are also involved in the studying the frequency and pattern public health issues within the population. There is a close relation between what Public Health does and Epidemiology.
Public Health has accomplished many milestones during the last 100 years. Examples of these are in a publication by Pfizer, named Milestone in Public Health, Accomplishment in Public Health over the last 100 Year. Although in the publication many different achievements are discussed, the two that interested me was Vaccines and the Eradication of Smallpox and U.S. Public Health Infrastructure.
The study of Vaccines and the Eradication of Smallpox demonstrates the benefits of vaccines. Vaccines protect people from fatal diseases, increase life expectancy and spare millions from pain and suffering. The first vaccine to be produced was for smallpox and it was discovered by Dr. Edward Jenner in 1796. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced in 1980 the eradication of Smallpox in United States. WHO, whose primary role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations' system set its goals to eradicate once and for Smallpox, and with perseverance, persistence, coordinated international effort, directed by the WHO, and innovated approaches such as Public Health, at local level that led to its success. Vaccines are probably the only existing means of protections in the event of biological weapons of mass destruction catastrophe. It is of vital importance that research continues for the well-being of the human existence. As new diseases are discovered, and new vaccines are being developed.
The report of U.S. Public Health Infrastructure speaks about how the services of Public Health came about. Pfizer (2006) In 1798 President John Adams signed a bill into law that provided care and relief for the sick and injured seamen in an American port. Boston being the site of the first hospital facility build, they were called Marine Hospital Service. As...