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Environmental Issues And The Industrial Revolution

1429 words - 6 pages

Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution

Module 1 Assignment 5

Ecology and Environmental Sustainability

Instructor: Janet Bargar

Argosy University

Aisha Freelove

3/13/16

Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was introduced in the late 18th century and progressed throughout the 19th century. During this era many advancements were developed. In addition to the many inventions, urbanization expanded, factories were built, and the environment suffered negative impacts due to air pollution, deforestation, and many other factors. Three of the most negatively impacted inventions to the environment, were the Canal, The ...view middle of the document...

Water requirements proved greater than anticipated, and problems of floods and hydraulic inefficiencies beset navigation throughout its history”. (https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/wsp2038). Adequate water supplies was another environmental impact. “The total quantities of water taken into the canal made it the largest hydraulic undertaking of the 19th century in the United States”. Culverts being washed out was a constant concern, which also led to flooding and traffic issues. Sometimes lasting for weeks. Deforestation was another impact. Cutting down trees has affects not just on our environment, but species as well. Soil erosion occurs, which in turn makes it very difficult for vegetation growth.
Another invention during the Industrial Revolution that had negative impacts to the environment was the Locomotive and Railroad. The invention began in Great Britain. A man by the name of George Stephenson is credited for the invention. .” The first engines used in the United States were purchased from the STEPHENSON WORKS in England. Even rails were largely imported from England until the Civil War. Americans who had visited England to see new STEAM LOCOMOTIVES were impressed that railroads dropped the cost of shipping by carriage by 60-70 %”.( ushistory.org – Binding the Nation by Rails.U.S. History Online Textbook
http://www.ushistory.org/us/36a.asp). The negative environmental impacts of the Locomotive and Railroad was the pollution. The pollution was heavily dominate in rivers and in the air. This caused many health problems for all individuals in contact. “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals are the two most important groups of pollutants associated

Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution

with rail transport. Both have a serious negative impact on the natural environment, including human health and degradation of sensitive ecosystems”. (http://railroadandsteamengine.weebly.com/impact.html). The railroad invention was very helpful of transporting goods and people, but our environment suffered immensely.
The third invention during the Industrial Revolution that had very negative impacts to our environment was the invention of the Automobile. There is a great debate in regards to who actually invented the Automobile. Henry Ford did not actually invent the automobile. Instead he actually” developed was the characteristic light, low-cost, high-quality, mass-produced American automobile”. (http://xroads.virginia.edu/~UG02/barnes/hford.html) An interesting fact I learned through research which also led to pollution in our environment was the pollution from horses.” In New York City it was estimated by one reformer that 2.5 million pounds of manure and 60,000 gallons of urine were deposited on city streets every day. Dead horses were simply pushed to the curbside as to not interfere with traffic. In one year 15,000 dead horses were carted off the streets at the city's expense”....

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