This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Engendering Change Essay

1245 words - 5 pages

Engendering Change: Organization Dynamics and Workplace Gender Desegregation 1975 – 2005

Matt L. Huffman University of California – Irvine
Philip N. Cohn University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill
Jessica Pearlman University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill

2010 by Johnson Graduate School, Cornell University.

Introduction

The segregation of jobs and occupations is a persistent feature of the labor market and the proximate cause of many forms of gender inequality
* The negative effects of gender segregation on women’s labor market opportunities such as lower wages and lower chance to get promoted to higher positions.

Many studies showed the relationship between the ...view middle of the document...

Size increases the both Bureaucratization and Formalization
* Formalization may trump bureaucratization and differentiation, which might otherwise reinforce existing segregation patterns

Growth
Hypothesis 2 : The positive relationship between women’s representation in management and the level of gender integration will be stronger in growing establishments.

Growth creates opportunities for both internal and interfirm mobility and reduces the tendency for the best jobs to be reserved for members of the most favored group, which should hasten gender integration.
* Growth allows them to hire workers who are less experienced in gender-typical jobs
* Growth offers opportunities to move into positions that are not yet gender-typed within the organization.

Women have been more affected by the downsizing and contraction than men.

Time
Hypothesis 3 : The positive effect of women in management on the level of gender desegregation will decrease over time.

The effect of women’s access to organizational power structures on gender desegregation is likely to be time dependent.
* The gender gap has declined over time
* Title inflation ; the increase in women’s representation in positions of authority has resulted from a widespread proliferation of low-status managerial jobs.
A warning effect of women on management on desegregation.
Analysis Methods
Data : from the 1975 ~ 2005 Unite States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission(EEOC), drawn from EEO-1 reports filed by those private-sector employers, as mandated by Title 7 of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
* The EEO-1 reports provide the sex and racial ethnic composition of nine occupational categories within each establishment. These categories include officials and managers, professionals, technicians, sales workers, office and clerical workers, craft workers, operatives, laborers, and service workers.
* The EEO-1 reports describe individual workplace(establishment), rather than companies. For example, each outlet in a department store chain has its own report. Therefore, we did not test effects of company characteristics.
*
Dependent variable
The index of dissimilarity (D) to measure establishment-level gender segregation among non-managerial workers in each workplace.
D = [0.5 X ∑ | Mi - Fi | ] x 100
* 100 = complete segregation

Independent variable
The percentage of female officials and managers in each workplace
The workplace size with the natural logarithm of the total number of workers
The mean annualized growth rate of each establishment’s total employment over the previous four-year period.

Descriptive findings
<Figure 1>

* Although the representation of women in management increased in each 10 year period, the improvement was greatest between 1975 and 1986.
* Despite incontrovertible progress, almost half of worker (45%) remain in workplace with less than 30 percent female management
<Figure 2>

*...

Other Papers Like Engendering Change

The Impact of Globalization on Haier

2893 words - 12 pages management. The company has exalted the concept of leader ship that in the other hand has changed the landscape of global market in its own ways by engendering globalization. The leaders of Haier are equipped with clear vision and ability to transform vision and reality and this has helped the corporation to turn from money losing to dreadfully profit making. Looking ahead by engendering globalization Ideally, it is now extensively accepted

Industrial Attachement Report

2637 words - 11 pages their different needs and interests, and requiring a redistribution of power and resources. The goal of gender equity, sometimes called substantive equality, moves beyond equality of opportunity by requiring transformative change. It recognizes that women and men have different needs, preferences, and interests and that equality of outcomes may necessitate different treatment of men and women. An equity approach implies that all development

Career Development: the Roles of Hr Professionals

2422 words - 10 pages turnover costs and increases productivity, as well as engendering high customer loyalty and greater profitability (Finnegan et al., 12). Therefore, employee career development need to be carefully thought out and planned for by human resource managers. Employees that are not given the opportunity to develop are likely to leave, so development and retention are related to a certain extent, and should be considered in tandem. Employee

Facts and Figures

2360 words - 10 pages the business and centralizing control, but also making a facility for the Management to decentralize responsibility and delegate authority. 6. Planned action: Engendering a spirit of careful forethought, assessment of what is possible and an attempt at it. It leads to dynamism without recklessness. It also helps to draw up long range plans with a fair measure of accuracy. 7. Basis for policy: Providing a basis for revision of current and future

Change Management

3330 words - 14 pages engendering commitment from those at the coal face. If employees don’t see that the company’s leadership is backing a project, they’re unlikely to change. No amount of top-level support is too much. In 1999, when we were working with the CEO of a consumer products company, he told us that he was doing much more than necessary to display his support for a nettlesome project. When we talked to line managers, they said that the CEO had extended very little

Gender Equality in Schools, Lusaka, Zambia

2275 words - 10 pages to create environment of equal access to education for all sexes. For this reason the existing policies on gender may be reviewed and modified for realization of equal access for both boys and girls. (iii) The study also intends to help parents and other educational stakeholders to change their attitudes toward girls’ education. The information obtained from this study will create insights on importance of girls’ education for development of

Inflation?

4060 words - 17 pages in Bangladesh in light of the structuralist-monetarist controversy using the data for FY60 to FY80. The author systematically tested both the views in the context of Bangladesh as well as a hybrid model considering both views together. The findings clearly indicate that the rate of change of money supply and devaluation are the most significant explanatory variables. Any devaluation of the domestic currency is followed by an almost equal

Holiday Marketing

3244 words - 13 pages going into post-recession highs. The average increase in holiday sales for the past 10 years was about 2.9% (Grannis, The Holiday Survival Kit 2014, NRF, 2014). Although there was a 0.2% fall in consumer spending in September, the first drop in eight months, U.S. consumer spending is still increasing at a steady 1.8 percent clip. Due to economic change, holiday gift givers are expected to spend more this year on gifts which is estimated to

The Story of Zahra

3862 words - 16 pages ” may change according to circumstances. Zahra feels kind of secured within the boundaries of her home. In addition, war strengthens the bond between Zahra and her mother. “My mother and I shouted out together as if we were once again as close as orange and navel, as we had been when we stood trembling behind the door, back in my earliest memories.”(Al Shaykh,p.136) Zahra is regaining her mother’s love. Besides, the war suspends the traditional

Can the Franco Regime Be Regarded S Fascist?

2916 words - 12 pages state or an attempt at realising their shared aims is the query one must continue to examine. One cannot overlook the European climate prior and during the period of change in Spain, as a background or a catalyst to the arrival of authoritarianism in Spain. The industrial revolution in Europe in the nineteenth century drastically altered the economic situation of most major European powers and has been identified by many historians as part of

Gender Disparity in Relation to Managerial Positions in the Organizations in Mombasa County: Case of County Government of Mombasa

3582 words - 15 pages aptitude and are more than willing to serve in the top corporate leadership. This gender imbalance has continued to exist despite passing of several legislations by governments to provide for gender balancing. Several international declarations have also been made to address this disparity over the years but very little change if any has been achieved to this end. In view of the above highlight this study explored the forces behind these disparities

Related Essays

Gender Bias In The English Language

1148 words - 5 pages resistance to reform rather than acknowledging that there is a bias. In this paper I will explore how the male-bias in English is both a linguistic as well as a social issue, and that both need to be addressed in order to create a more equal language, as well as society. One issue regarding male-bias in English is the resistance towards change. The English language is “constantly changing, constantly being renewed” (Miller

Leadership Essay

1611 words - 7 pages workplace environment is a complex and a diverse area, strong, good and effective leadership is needed to implement change from policy makers and the government. Leaders should be confident, initiative, encourage high morale, a spirit of involvement, cooperation, fosters teamwork and should have the knowledge of what is happening in the department, latest development and kept abreast politically. On this assignment, I will be creating a personal

Education Of Women In The Italian Renaissance

1622 words - 7 pages primary goals of which were still related to domestic purposes and did not, in any way, attempt to change their social position. Since the Middle Ages, a typical father did not desire a learned daughter as it threatened the order of the household, engendering lax housekeeping and marital discord. The Italian humanist Lucrezia Marinelli further explained this with the theory that male hostility to female learning was because they

For The Union Dead: A Social Criticism

1554 words - 7 pages longer culturally relevant, engendering Lowell’s perception of Shaw “[seeming] to wince at pleasure, / and [suffocating] for privacy” (35-36). Shaw is also described as being “out of bounds now” (37) and having the “peculiar power to choose life and die” (38). Shaw’s actions will never be reproduced due to his uncanny mindset for acting in a humane manner. Lowell blames the average American’s inability to identify with a figure such as Shaw on