Endocrine Glands Essay

790 words - 4 pages

Endocrine glands

hypothalamus: The hypothalamus is a part of the brain located superior and anterior to the brain stem and inferior to the thalamus. It helps many different functions in the nervous system, and is also responsible for the direct control of the endocrine system through the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus contains special cells called neurosecretory cells—neurons that secrete

Pituitary gland: The pituitary gland, also known as the hypophysis, is a small pea-sized lump of tissue connected to the inferior portion of the hypothalamus of the brain. Many blood vessels surround the pituitary gland to carry the hormones it releases throughout the body. Situated in a small ...view middle of the document...

Pancreas: is a large gland located in the abdominal cavity just inferior and posterior to the stomach. The pancreas is considered to be a heterocrine gland as it contains both endocrine and exocrine tissue. The endocrine cells of the pancreas make up just about 1% of the total mass of the pancreas and are found in small groups throughout the pancreas called islets of Langerhans. Within these islets are 2 types of cells—alpha and beta cells. The alpha cells produce the hormone glucagon, which is responsible for raising blood glucose levels. Glucagon triggers muscle and liver cells to break down the polysaccharide glycogen to release glucose into the bloodstream. The beta cells produce the hormone insulin, which is responsible for lowering blood glucose levels after a meal. Insulin triggers the absorption of glucose from the blood into cells, where it is added to glycogen molecules for storage.

Gonads: ovaries in females and testes in males—are responsible for producing the sex hormones of the body.

Testes: are a pair of ellipsoid organs found in the scrotum of males that produce the androgen testosterone in males after the start of puberty. Testosterone has effects on many parts of the body, including the muscles, bones, sex organs, and hair follicles. This hormone causes growth and increases in strength of the bones and muscles, including the accelerated growth of long bones during adolescence. During puberty, testosterone...

Other Papers Like Endocrine Glands

Heredity and Hormones Essay

672 words - 3 pages keeping the nervous system and body tissues organized. At the start of puberty, hormones rage and tell the body to start making breasts in females, deeper voice in males and hair in the pubic area and underarms in both male and females.. Hormones can also affect moods, emotional reactivity, and learning ability (Morris & Maisto, 2005). In the endocrine system there are different glands that control different functions in the body. The thyroid

Invasive Species Essay

638 words - 3 pages Student Worksheet Name: Harold Long Date: 09/21/2014 Instructor’s Name: Professor Catherine Bassett-Touchell Assignment: SCIE207 Phase 4 Lab Report Title: Exploring Endocrine, Circulatory, and Respiratory Systems Instructions: Your lab report will consist of the completed tables. Label each component of the endocrine, cardiovascular (circulatory), and respiratory systems and their functions in the following tables. When

Physiology

584 words - 3 pages and stores fat. It also assists to maintain homeostasis within the body. * Endocrine System The Endocrine system controls the way the body functions. It is made up of many glands that produce and release hormones. This system helps to regulate growth and development, metabolism and reproduction. The main endocrine glands are the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas and gonads. These systems interact together to ensure the body is functioning properly. When there is a problem with one system, it’s very possible that it will affect another system. It is

Biopsychology

1489 words - 6 pages System A wide variety of physiological processes are carried out unconsciously by the endocrine system through chemical messengers called hormones. The endocrine system is a collection of glands that produces these hormones, which are necessary for normal bodily functions. The hormones regulate metabolism, growth and sexual development. These glands release the hormones directly into the bloodstream, where they are transported to organs and

Heritage and Hormones

623 words - 3 pages Heredity and Hormones. by..... November 24, 2010 Instructor: Kristina Green Our body is composed for complex systems that help us to react to situations, solve problems and being unique in our own way. In order to understand better all this process we need to research our heritage, and through this we may have a better understanding of how this can affect our behavior. In general, the glands of the endocrine system and the hormones are

Unit 3 Lecture Study Guide

586 words - 3 pages tissue relate to its function? Give at least 1 example of where you would find each type of epithelial tissue. c. The shape of the tissue directly relates to its function. For example a simple squamous is extremely flat and it relates to diffusion and lining. 4. Differentiate between exocrine and endocrine glands. Give an example of each. d. Exocrine uses ducts to secrete fluid while endocrine uses glands to direct its

Unit 3 Lecture Study Guide

746 words - 3 pages . simple squamous epithelium: air sacs in the lungs simple cuboidal: kidney tubules simple columnar: inner lining of the digestive tract pseudo stratified columnar: inner lining of the respiratory tubes 4. Differentiate between exocrine and endocrine glands. Give an example of each. Exocrine glands secrete product into ducts. The ducts open onto some surfaces. (Sweat glands) Endocrine

Endocrine System

989 words - 4 pages known as adenoma, a benign tumor. With this disease the pituitary gland begins to overproduce ACTH which then causes the body to respond by over producing cortisol. Too much cortisol in the system can interfere with the bodies way of handling inflammation. ADDISON’S DISEASE: Addison’s disease is a chronic endocrine system disease where the adrenal glands don’t produce enough cortisol or aldosterone. Cortisol is the body’s way of handling stress

Psychology Chapter 2: Neuroscience & Behavior

969 words - 4 pages - voluntary actions * Automatic Nervous System- involuntary functions * Sympathic Nervous System- arouses the expend energy; fight-or-flight * Parasymphathetic Nervous System- calms body to conserve energy * The Endocrine System * System of glands located throughout the body that secrete hormones * Hormones- chemical messengers secreted into the bloodstream primarily by endocrine * Parts

The Body

311 words - 2 pages The digestive system consists of a series of connected organs that together, allow the body to break down and absorb food, and remove waste. It includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. The liver and pancreas also play a role in the digestive system because they produce digestive juices. The endocrine system consists of eight major glands that secrete hormones into the blood. These hormones

Pkd1's Effect on Pancreatic Cancer

1551 words - 7 pages behind preventing and treating pancreatic cancer. Information on Pancreas and Pancreatic Cancer: The pancreas is a necessary organ in the digestive system as it helps to break down food so that the nutrients can be absorbed during the rest of the digestive process. The pancreas consists of two different glands, the exocrine and endocrine glands, and they serve two very different purposes. The exocrine gland releases pancreatic enzymes into

Related Essays

Endocrine Glands Essay

1293 words - 6 pages hormones (say: hor-mones), which are substances inside your body that tell it how to work and how to grow. Glands that do this are part of the endocrine (say: en-doh-krin) system. Puberty — body changes that turn a kid into an adult — depend on the endocrine system. Still other things that we call "glands" are part of your immune (say: ih-myoon) system. They release substances that help you fight off illnesses and, if you are sick, help you get

The Endocrine System Essay

778 words - 4 pages Untitled The Endocrine system The endocrine system uses chemical messengers known as hormones to control and coordinate activities in the body. Hormones are produced in your endocrine glands and are released directly into the bloodstream. They are transported to all parts of the body but only particular cells are targeted. Target cells correspond to the hormones carried throughout the body and respond in a particular way. Hormones

Heredity And Hormones Essay

607 words - 3 pages genes to change, or mutate. The way that heredity influences behavior over time may change and it may not always have an influence in the future. The endocrine system is a vital part of coordinating and integrating the many complex reactions that make up the human psyche. Hormones are chemicals released by the endocrine glands. After being released from the endocrine glands, hormones then travel to the rest of the body via the blood stream

Heredity, Hormones, And Human Behavior Essay

728 words - 3 pages Heredity, Hormones, and Human Behavior Thomas Bullard University of Phoenix BEH 225 Wayne Rhode March 5, 2009 In this essay I will explore heredity and hormones. I will compare and contrast the influence of heredity and hormones on people’s behavior. How does heredity and hormones work together or with the human body? I will also explore the endocrine system, identify hormones, and glands. Also identify what glands secret what. Heredity