En1420 Final Paper

1198 words - 5 pages

James Shanks
Final Paper
The Hidden Costs of Green Energy
In this day of steadily rising energy costs, increasing difficulty in finding readily accessible supplies of non-renewable resources, aging power production and transport facilities and environmental awareness individuals, local government and private utilities are turning towards renewable energy resources at an increasing rate. Many of these entities tout the benefit of their decisions as “green” and “environmentally friendly”. The real cost of these projects is often ignored completely either through true ignorance of the facts or in an attempt to be duplicitous about the damage that is really being done.
In 2013 ...view middle of the document...

While numbers for more recent years weren’t readily available, it was reported by the State of California that seventeen companies, which had forty-four manufacturing facilities in California, produced 46.5 million pounds of sludge and contaminated water from 2007 through the first half of 2011 (Dearen, 2013). While most of this waste was disposed of in-state, approximately three percent (more than 1.4 million pounds) was transported to nine other states including Arkansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, Rhode Island, Nevada, Washington, Utah, New Mexico and Arizona (Dearen, 2013).
If the world were to make the move to one-hundred percent solar energy like some propose (Waller, 2013) we would need to produce hundreds of thousands (of not millions) of tons of contaminated sludge, use carcinogenic materials and continue to expose workers to phosphine gas, hydrogen fluoride and lead.
As the winds of the debate on the benefits of solar power continue, we shift our attention to our efforts to harness the very power of the wind itself. In 2012 the United States installed a record 13.2 gigawatts of new wind energy production come online accounting for (at the time) 6% of the nation’s total generating capacity (Woody, 2013).
However, as the capacity of wind turbines increases, so too does the risk they pose. Every year wind installations injure, maim, and kill hundreds of thousands of birds in clear violation of federal law (Fisher, 2013). While this is a problem unique to wind turbines, they have a common problem with other forms of energy generation: the need for Rare Earth Minerals (REM’s).
According to Dawn Stover of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, a 2 megawatt (MW) wind turbine contains about 800 pounds of neodymium and 130 pounds of dysprosium (Stover, 2011). These minerals are mined almost exclusively in China, which has an estimated ninety-five percent of the world’s known reserves of Rare Earth Minerals. REM’s are typically obtained by strip-mining, the process of removing existing earth and vegetation above the mine site, which is known to be devastating to local flora and fauna. The other option for obtaining these minerals is to run a more traditional mining operation underground, but this can lead to cave-ins, subsidence of land above the mine and can lead to easier pollution of ground water due to the nature of the mining operation.
After looking at some of the methods of gathering the materials needed for the production of wind turbines, it becomes clear that they, like PV panels, also have skeletons in their manufacturing closet. The need for REM’s in the production of both PV and Wind Turbines leaves much to be desired, but one thing that...

Other Papers Like En1420 Final Paper

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are

A Heart Of Darkness

1748 words - 7 pages In this short story, there are frequent significant subject and ideas that make the story, "A Heart of Darkness," by Joseph Conrad, and haunting novel. The main theme is absolute white power over the natives. The theme validates the corruption, and the dependence caused by the white people as they took over the Congo. White men were giving all the power; they had no self-control, and in the end they did not use wisely. The white men became

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason, the

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages doubling these wages can only be justified if, in some other way, it generates an equal or superior amount of value (either through a better product, lower costs, or both). According to the theory of incentives and efficiency wages, this is indeed the case, and Henry Ford even asserted that this decision was one of the best-cost cutting judgements they ever made (Raff and Summers 1987). This paper will outline the history of Ford Motor’s 1914

Historical Analysis Of The Economical Breakthroughs Of The Industrial Revolution

1396 words - 6 pages A Historical Analysis of the Economical Breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution, many elements of society experienced huge breakthroughs that would change the way they functioned forever. Economics were definitely one of them. With many new inventions and many factories appearing, many, many, more resources were being created than ever before. Also, all of the revenue from these resources was being given to

Leadership Portrayed in Monologue from Shakespeare’s Henry V

1214 words - 5 pages Leadership is defined as a socially constructed process and which also affect organizational future outcomes. Leader is someone at high position who have overall duty for an organization, she or he decide what to do and the way how to achieve it. (Carter and Greer, 2013)The role of leader is extremely important for an organization, leader use their own power to influence the followers though many different ways such as motivation in order to

Cuba Civil Rights

1906 words - 8 pages of this, the black market is the main way people get money, according to Corrales. The only people to receive these limited rights include members of the government and military. The final form of abuse the government uses to steal from the people through the courts. “World Report 2013 Cuba” says the police departments in Cuba harasses, assaults, and imprison human rights defenders who attempt to document the abuses. Moreover, if you take money

US Freight System

1273 words - 6 pages General Environment Each American requires the movement of approximately 40 tons of freight per year across the freight network. This includes everything from shirts to lawn mower to orange juice. • As the U.S. population expands, the U.S. freight system will be called upon to meet the demands of a larger population • Between 2010 and 2035, the system will experience a 22 percent increase in the total amount of tonnage it moves • By 2050, with

Democratic Peace Theory

1852 words - 8 pages Intro: US Presidents have made it a goal during their term(s) in office to establish a good relationship with foreign countries and even try to improve upon existing connections with our allies. Some believe it is to prevent conflicts between the countries while others dispute that it is a threat assessment by the United States to pick and choose their friends and enemies. Preventing conflict between two democracies or countries that practice

Related Essays

En1420 Final Project Essay

1038 words - 5 pages ITT Technical Institute | Information Technology Computer Networking Systems | Is it Competitive in the Global Marketplace | | [Type the author name] | | EN1420 Composition II Professor Procopio | Table Of Contents Cover Page ……………………………………………………...Page 1 Table of Contents ………………………………………………Page 2 Evaluation ………………………………………………………Page 3 – 4 Concept Map …………………………………………………....Page 5 Outline …………………………………………………………..Page 6

Itt 255 Lab 6 Essay

3922 words - 16 pages Every Information Security Practitioner Should Know:  Chapter 12  Chapter 15 10.1 Craft an Information Security Policy Examine RealWorld Implementations of Security Standards and Compliance Laws Small- to MediumSized Business Analysis Project Part 2: Student SSCP® Domain Research Paper† 2 10 Information Security Standards and Compliance Laws 10.2 Assignment 1 10.3 4 Project 11 Course Review and Final Examination N

Freedom And Responsibility Essay

2141 words - 9 pages states. For the most part, the protester have their head down as the pepper spray was being sprayed, but eleven students were hit directly in the face with the spray. Two protesters were taken to the hospital and the others were treated on scene. After the pepper spray event, ten people were arrested. (Outcry After Police, 2011) The final precept is “Congress shall make no law abridging to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” So

Hate Crime Laws Essay

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging