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Empress Elizabth Petrovna Of Russia Daughter Of Catherine The Great

1212 words - 5 pages

Empress Elizabeth Petrovna (1709-1761) was the daughter of Peter the Great and Catherine I. Empress Elizabeth was as devoted to Russia as her father but lacked his European tastes and education. Her reign of power was a decadent affair involving endless shopping trips, palaces, hunting expeditions and an enormous national budget deficit.In 1741 Elizabeth made her ascent to the throne with the help of officers from one of the military troops. She arrested the young emperor Ivan VI and his family and officially proclaimed herself as the new Russian empress.Elizabeth was a beautiful, colorful woman and relatively smart, who was responsible for much of the beauty of Russia. She was devoted to ...view middle of the document...

The role of Russia in the Europe's political arena grew stronger.Inside the country the government of the empress carried out a policy of centralization. The Senate became larger and gained additional rights. Certain local taxes, like some which had deterred people from traveling to different parts of the country, were abolished. A lot of attention was put on the development of local trade and industry. In 1755, the first Russian University opened in Moscow. Eventually it would be named for Mikhail Lomonosov, the famous Russian scientist at that time who best exemplified the spirit of the age of enlightenment. In St.Petersburg, the Academy of Arts and first public theater was opened.To strengthen her and her family's position on the throne, Elizabeth declared that Peter III - nephew and grandson of Peter the Great - would be the future Russian emperor when her reign was over. On Elizabeth's death in 1761 her nephew Peter III took to the throne and started a rather disastrous six-month reign. Not only did he adopt a distinctly pro-Prussian military policy, dressing the army in Prussian uniforms, but he offended much of the clergy by adhering to the Lutheran faith rather than the Orthodox Church. Peter's marriage to the sophisticated and intelligent Sophia was to be his downfallOn August 21, 1745, a sixteen year old German girl, from a poor and obscure but aristocratic family, was married in the first Imperial marriage ever held publicly in Russia. Sophia of Anhalt-Zerbst was chosen at age 14 by Empress Elizabeth to marry her nephew who she had chosen as her successor.Born on April 21, 1729, in Strettin (now Szczecin), Poland, into the family of Prince Christian August of Anhalt-Zerbst, Catherine was christened Sophia Augusta Frederica. On February 9, 1744, aged 15, she went to Russia at the invitation of Empress Elizabeth as the bride of the heir to the throne, Peter Feodorovich. They married in St. Petersburg and she was christened into the Russian Orthodoxy as Ekaterina Alexeevna.Her husband-to-be was a great disappointment to everyone.Catherine on herrelationship with her husband Peter:"In short, never did two minds resemble each other less than ours; we had nothing in common in our tastes, nor in our ways of thinking. Our opinions were so different...

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