University of Phoenix Material
Employment Laws Chart
Complete the chart below using information from the weekly readings and additional research if necessary.
Employment Law | Description and Requirement of Law | Court Case Influential to Establishment of Law | Importance of Law | Workplace Application |
Civil Rights Act of 1964 | The landmark legislation in the US that holds against discrimination against racial, ethnic, national, and religious minorities. | Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964) is a US case law the US Congress has power to use the Constitution’s Commerce Clause to force businesses to follow the Civil Rights Act of 1964. | This law ends the unequal ...view middle of the document...
| Employers cannot adjust the amount of wages based on an employee’s gender. |
Age Discrimination Employment Act of 1967 | It protects the illegal discrimination against anyone 40 years old and older in the US. | Mahoney v. RFE/RL, Inc (1995) holds that age limit in employment is not allowed. | It protects individuals who are older than 40 with the same opportunity as younger individuals. | Employers cannot favor younger employee over an older employee in the workplace. |
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 | This law is to protect against discrimination based on disability | In National Federation of the Blind v. Target Corporation, Target Corp was sued because the company website failed to design for persons with vision issues. | This law is to protect people with disabilities and ensure they have the same equality as everyone. | Employers cannot discriminate against a candidate with a disability. This applies to hiring, job training, and other conditions related to employment. |
Civil Rights Act of 1991 | This act is the response to numbers of US Supreme Court decisions that has limitations on the rights of employees who sued their employers for discrimination. | Martin v. Wilks (1989) holds that it is permissible for white firefighters who were not party to the litigation establishing any form of consent hiring or promoting black firefighters in the Fire Department. | This act is to combine two different civil rights acts in the past while Civil Rights Act 1866 and Civil Rights Act 1964 passed over 50 years ago and the discrimination issues approach differently. | This act is to combine two old acts together. It states that employee have certain limitation to sue their employer citing discrimination. |
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 | This act requires employers to provide job-protected and unpaid leave for their employees regarding medical or family reasons. | Coleman v. Court of Appeals of Md. (2012) holds that the state is under the protection of the self-case provision of the Family and Medical Leave Act. | This requires larger employers to provide unpaid leave to certain workers in the US. | This law means employees have needs of balancing family and works, and it provides certain protections to workers. |
Privacy Act of 1974 | This act limits the collection, maintenance, use, and dissemination of personally identifiable information about individuals. | In Doe v. Chao (2004), while a group of workers’ social security numbers is made public and is used to identify certain claims, and they sued for emotionally distress, the court holds that under the Privacy Act must prove the actual harm, not just emotional distress. | This act protects personal identifiable information that cannot be made public without notice or consent by the identifiable person. | Employers cannot disclose their employees’ personal information...