2010: How far is it correct to say Quaid-i-Azam consolidated the nascent state of Pakistan? Comment.
On august 14 1947 mount batten flew to Karachi and addressed the Pakistan constituent Assembly, a simple ceremony marked the formal transfer of power from Britain to the people of Pakistan.
Pakistan from its very inception faced a large number of problems like; Demarcation of boundaries, Uprooting of Muslims in Punjab, Refugees’ resettlement, The accession of Hyderabad, Jonagadh, and Kashmir, Division of Indian Assets, Administration Problems, Language Controversy, and Population Problems. Many challenges in setting up new economic, judicial, and political structures, organizing the ...view middle of the document...
After the emergence of Pakistan Jinnah himself hold the post of Governor General. The wit in this act of Jinnah was that, he had a deep and thorough knowledge of British Diplomacy and British Politics. As a representative of British Monarch, any British would have done no favour to the people of Pakistan so Jinnah being the leader of his people and having a sound influence in British government, was the most appropriate person for the post of Governor General of Pakistan. Jinnah’s strategy behind being Governor General was to maintain nation’s trust on “Governor General” as well as British Government’s.
2- Constitutional Requirements:
Constitution is the basic requirement of a country as it prescribes the rules and regulations according to which a state or government has to be organized. In this regard under section 8 of the Independence Act, The Indian Act of 1935, became with certain adaptations, the working constitution of Pakistan. But there was the need of a constitution, so a Constituent Assembly was arranged in order to frame the constitution for the country and to act as a legislative Assembly or Parliament until that constitution came into effect. In the inaugural session of the Constituent Assembly (10—14 August 1947 in Karachi ) Mr. N.J Mandal was elected as temporary chairman of the Assembly. And in the Quaid being the only candidate proposed for the presidency was elected as the president of the Constituent Assembly. Quaid’s strategy regarding constitutional development can be better analyzed by his saying in his speech, opening the Constituent Assembly.
“If we want to make this great State of Pakistan happy and prosperous we should wholly and solely concentrate on the well-being of the people, and especially of the masses and the poor… you are free- you are free to go to your temples mosques or any other place of worship in this state of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste or creed that has nothing to do with the business of the state… in due course of time Hindus will cease to be Hindus and Muslims will cease to Muslims- not in a religious sense for that is the personal faith of an individual- but in a political sense as citizens of one state”
Actually Quaid didn’t want people of Pakistan to scatter around on the basis of religious grounds. His approach to maintain the national integration and to remove the national disharmony among the people. He favoured to develop a constitution acceptable for all people living in Pakistan, in order to preserve the rights of minorities.
3- Peace Keeping And Resettlement of Refugees:
The fact that about a half million people died, about 5.5 million muslims and about 3 million Hindus and Sikhs had to leave their ancestral homes has made the partition intensely emotional. The history of bloodshed and human slaughter didn’t end at the partition, instead it was at its utmost with the announcement of partition. On September 18 1947, London Times wrote, “More Indian people have...