This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Emlployee Behaviour And Motivation Essay

1878 words - 8 pages


Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction 4
2.0 Employee Behaviour 5
 Performance Behaviour 5
 Organisational Citizenship 5
 Counterproductive Behaviours 5
3.1 Motivation 6
3.1 Motivation Theories 6
 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Teory 6
 Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory 7
 Achievement/Acquired Need Theory 8
4.0 Techniques of Motivation 9
5.0 Conclusion 10
6.0 Annexure 11
7.0 Refernces 12

The purpose of this assignment is to understand the Employee behaviour and how the employee gets motivated. Furthermore, Employee behaviour has changed in many years, for an instance, there are different ...view middle of the document...

An individual’s belief affects his ethics and sense of ethical responsibility. (Beach, 2007)
Below are the different types of Employee Behaviours
 Performance behaviour
The entire set of work-related behaviours that the organization expects from an employee to display. This individual knows what he is supposed to do and the key responsibilities at his workplace. To achieve the organisation’s goals this individual concentrate on his work and never lose focus so that they achieve their target on or before the time which was given. And also this individual is very comfortable with clients and customers and also with his fellow colleagues as well. Mainly they are performers.
 Organizational Citizenship
Positive behaviour of an individual in an organization which does not directly affect the company’s goals. There would be positive and negative individuals - to explain more on that, An individual apart from his regular job for an instance a manager needs to encourage employees and understand what they are going through and work with them if they are having a hard time performing a task sit with and give ideas on how to overcome a problem.
 Counterproductive Behaviours
A set of behaviours which contribute to the organization’s success in a negative manner. These make a big impact on an organization. The individual’s behaviours are talking bad about the company, manipulating fellow workers and they are always offensive and tend to spoil the work culture. These types of individuals should be dealt with in a proper way – warn them for their negative behaviour or ask them to leave the organisation.

3.0 Motivation
Motivation can be defined as internal and external factors that encourage an individual and continuously be interested or committed to his job in achieving a company’s goals. (, 2014)
3.1 Motivation Theories
Though there are many theories being practiced in organizations, first let’s look at early motivation theories.
 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs which was introduced in his 1943 article named as “A Theory of Human Motivation” According to this theory, individual attempts to seek a higher need when lower needs are satisfied. Once a lower-level need is satisfied, it no longer serves as a source of motivation. Needs are motivators only when they are unsatisfied. (Taormina and Gao, 2013)

Source: Link (Wikipedia, 2009)

There are five levels of needs according Maslow’s Theory.
First Level (Physiological Needs) This level of need includes the most basic human needs to survive.
Second Level (Safety Needs) This level of need includes personal security, health and wellbeing.
Third Level (Social Needs) This level of need includes a person’s need for affection, belongings, acceptance and friendship.
Fourth Level (Esteem Needs) This level of need is where people look to be respected and to have self-respect and achievement.

Other Papers Like Emlployee Behaviour and Motivation

Organization Behaviour Essay

1003 words - 5 pages 1.0 Motivation 1.1 Definition Motivation is the cause of movement and the feeling within an individual that makes them to achieve a personal need or expectation. Kendra Cherry has defines motivation as the process that initiates, guides, and maintains goal-oriented behaviours. The term of motivation suggests goal-oriented behaviour directed at achieving an individual goal or goals. (Cherry, K. 2015). Hence, the motivation is personal and come

People Management - Motivation Theories Essay

541 words - 3 pages The Expectancy Theory describes the relationship of what people value, the effort and the behaviour is needed to obtain it. In that the Theory concentrates on the important role of the links between effort, performance and outcome. If a manger is able to build clear and strong linkages within an organization there will be a high motivation level available. Predominated that the employees' believe in the link throughout performance and reward. On

Behavioural Change Theories

1625 words - 7 pages the hope that understanding behavioural change will improve the services offered in these areas. Contents • 1 General theories and models o 1.1 Self-efficacy o 1.2 Learning theories/behaviour analytic theories of change o 1.3 Social learning/social cognitive theory o 1.4 Theory of reasoned action o 1.5 Theory of planned behaviour o 1.6 Transtheoretical/stages of change model o 1.7 Health action process approach o 1.8 Education o 1.9


654 words - 3 pages Approach, on the other hand, tends to use an objective, scientific approach, where behaviour is directly observed by an independent observer.. Reductionism - When something as complex as human behaviour is explained by the Psychodynamic and Behaviourist Approaches, they each simplify human behaviour in terms of their own approach. The Psychodynamic Approach explains human behaviour in terms of unconscious motivation, and the Behaviourist Approach

Organization Behaviour

616 words - 3 pages Use the Expectancy theory to explain why the student’s motivation decline to such an extent that they destroyed the bottles of chili sauce. What is Expectancy Theory of Motivation? “Expectancy theory is a motivation based on the idea that work efforts is directed toward behaviors that people believe will lead to desired outcome” (McShane, page 132). Expectancy (Effort to Performance), Instrumentality (Performance to outcome) and Valence

Topic “Prosocial Behaviour Is the Outcome of Multiple… Factors” (Eisenberg & Fabes, 1998, P.742)

2599 words - 11 pages child as to how to attend to the needs of others and how to satisfy them. Supportive behaviour accompanied by affection enhances the identification process with the parent; and thus, it fosters the motivation to model the parents’ behaviour”. Parental Discipline Practices Behaviour such as that described above, makes children more responsive toward parental discipline procedures, known as parental inductions, in which the children’s attention

Case Study

2755 words - 12 pages modelling process requires attention, retention, reproduction and motivation in order to acquire the behaviour and determines whether they instigate it and maintain it (Bahn, 2001). As such, Bandura’s (1977) social learning theory, later called social cognitive theory is built upon reciprocal determinism (Moore, 2011). He proposed the triadic SOR model, which shows how interpersonal factors; locus of control, self-efficacy and moral disengagement

Organizational Behaviour

1134 words - 5 pages , share, and use knowledge in ways that improve its survival and success. Law of effect: States that the likelihood that an operant behaviour will be repeated depends on its consequences. Learning: A relatively permanent change in behaviour (or behaviour tendency) that occurs as a result of a person's interaction with the environment. Motivation: The internal forces that affect the direction, intensity, and persistence of a person's


3702 words - 15 pages and suggests further work that may be carried out. This chapter summarises and critically appraises the relative strengths and weaknesses of the ideas expressed in the literature associated with the subject area of motivation in work place. Through investigation of various texts on motivation and human behaviour at work place, the author of this report is of the view that the available literature is very diverse and needs careful review to

Consumer Behaviour

966 words - 4 pages knowledge to provide value to consumers. Specifically, we considered a number of internal factors that influence consumer behaviour including motivation and learning to help us in understanding the consumer. Solomon, et al (2010:177) defines motivation as “the process that cause people to behave as they do … Motivation occurs when a need is aroused that the consumer wishes to satisfy. Once a need has been activated, a state of tension exists that

Motivation Assignment

554 words - 3 pages Motivation is the internal source that drives behaviour. A motivated workforce can lead to a successful organisation. Therefore, if a manager can understand workers motives they can influence their behaviour. Managers use theories of motivation to influence workers behaviour. There are two types of motivation theories, content theories and process theories. Content theories view motivation in terms of desired outcomes and goals, such as ERG

Related Essays

How Does Greater Knowledge Of Individual Behaviour (For Example, Personality, Perception, Motivation And Stress) Help Our Understanding Of What Can Go Wrong (And Right) In Organisations?

1346 words - 6 pages How does greater knowledge of individual behaviour (for example, personality, perception, motivation and stress) help our understanding of what can go wrong (and right) in organisations? Every individual is unique and we have different ways of behaving towards others or in general whether it being at work, home or in our social lives, as a result each individual has a different way of dealing with their behaviour and coping with it. I also

The Theory Of Planned Behavior Essay

1443 words - 6 pages The Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) TRA posits that individual behaviour is driven by behavioural intentions where behavioural intentions are a function of an individual's attitude toward the behaviour and subjective norms surrounding the performance of the behaviour. Attitude toward the behaviour is defined as the individual's positive or negative feelings about performing a behaviour. It is determined through an assessment of one's beliefs

Motivation Essay

982 words - 4 pages psychological within the organism that dispose it to act in certain ways.-McDougall 4. A motive is a state or set of the individual which disposes him for certain behaviour and for seeking certain goal.-Woodworth The place of Motivation in Learning: Motivation, arouses, sustains, directs and determines the intensity of learning effort. Therefore, it is said that without motivation learning is not possible at any level. Motivation is at the heart

Personnell Management Essay

1078 words - 5 pages individuals deliver results in accordance with the expectations of management. According to Kelly (1974), motivation has to do with forces that maintain and alter the direction, quality and intensity of behaviour. Motivation is also seen as the process of influencing or stimulating a person to take action that will accomplish desired goals (Mondy et el, 1980). Motivation can also be defined as the energy creating and guiding process behind our