David G. Dupuis
COMM/215 – Essentials of College Writing
27 September 2011
Karen J. Birk, MA
As a society I don’t believe we consciously realize how electrically dependent we have become. At approximately 4 p.m. Thursday September 8, 2011 reality struck nearly six million people in the Southwest and Mexico when the power went off line. The outage impaired or stopped most our daily operations and functions. I felt vulnerable to the electrical system and began to realize just exactly how deeply this type of event impacted my family. I found myself examining means of backup power for the sole purpose of avoiding the incontinence ...view middle of the document...
Affordable automobiles in the early 1900s for the average American were nonexistent until Henry Ford began production of the Model T in 1908, at $825 the Model T was affordable to the average person and sales soared to more than 10,000 the first year. Ford chose to try to reduce the price even further by investing his money back into his factories by altering them into assembly lines. Once the assembly lines were in place and running in 1913 the price dropped even further to $575 causing Ford sales to reach 48% of the automobile market by 1914. The affordability of the Model T changed society forever. No longer were personal automobiles a luxury item they had become a commonality among the masses.
Then on January 5, 1914 Ford shocked the world, doubling the current wage of $2.34 for employees; he offered $5 a day. The idea was that this would attract valuable, experienced employees who require less training. He was correct. The turnover rate dropped significantly productivity was on the rise and training cost were down. Initially not all of Ford’s employees received the $5 a day raise. They first had to complete six months of employment with the company and be approved by Ford’s Social Department. Ford wanted upstanding citizens; he disapproved of activities such as gambling, heavy drinking and not properly taking care of family matters. The Social Department was created to investigate workers backgrounds and social behavior to ensure they would meet Ford’s standards and be productive additions to his workforce. The majority of Ford employees cleared the Social Departments investigations and received the $5 a day. This pay raise benefited all auto workers and gave a boost to the slow economy. Other auto manufacturer followed suit and raised wages to retain and compete for the most experienced and productive workers.
Soon thereafter, World War I was center stage and Ford was passionately involved. “Henry Ford was a populist and folk hero to be taken seriously. He had been a protester of World War I. In 1915, he had commissioned and personally sailed to Europe on a Peace Ship. He was called naive by the media and politicians, but many had admired Henry Ford for his efforts to stop the carnage” (Wicks, 2003). The peace efforts...